|The Pump Makers.
These are the ones we've found so far - listed in alphabetical order (there will be more). It's become apparent that some installers simply affixed their nameplate to a pump supplied by one of the larger manufacturers, and inevitably some of the names we've listed are therefore not necessarily the makers of the pump. One Northern Ireland foundry advertised in their catalogue that customers' names could be cast on the head of their Belfast pattern pumps.
On the topic of Belfast pattern pumps, Marcus Simms, a bright young man in Northern Ireland, has studied them and written up a guide on their evolution.
And some pumps aren't quite what they seem - "Fakes & Replicas"
Apologies for the quality of some of the images - the nameplates are usually corroded or covered in multiple layers of paint or dirt, often damaged, and sometimes hard to get at. A wet finger will occasionally bring up the lettering, but in some cases it's just too far gone.
7 & 8 East St.,
|In 1869 "Adames & Grant" but listed as "Frederick Adames - Late Adames & Grant, Wholesale, Retail, Furnishing and General Ironmonger" in the 1880 Chichester Directory. He advertised "the supply and installation of every kind of heating apparatus and pumps for deep wells". The business was taken over by Adolphus Ballard in 1885, who in turn sold the business to T.E.Jay. Read more - but it's a very large .pdf file.|
|The name "D. ADAMS, BALLYMENA" seen on a pump in Northern Ireland probably refers to David Adams, 1 Galgorm Rd, Ballymena, who advertised as a Registered Plumber and Sanitary Engineer in 1910. Also see on a pump at the Ulster American Folk Park, and for sale in a show at Shane's Castle, Co. Antrim.|
|Seen on a pump in Meysey Hampton, Glos. William Affleck was born in Gateshead in 1816, and after serving his apprenticeship in a foundry there moved to London to work on the GWR. In about 1843 he moved to Swindon's GWR works. In 1853 he established his own foundry and engineering works in Prospect, Old Swindon, and by 1861 was employing 17 men and three boys. His two sons, Frederick Samuel Hahnemann Affleck and Theodore Sykes Affleck, continued the business after his death. Examples of Affleck ironmongery can still be seen in and around Swindon today. [More]|
|This name found on a pump at Soulby Green, Cumbria.|
|Alexander & Duncan,
| "ALEXANDER & DUNCAN LION WORKS LEOMINSTER" seen cast into a
pump at Drayton Parslow, Bucks, which also carries the Joseph Evans lion
trademark. An otherwise unidentified pump at Bircher, near Leominster, carries
a brass label with the same words.
They are recorded as being established in the mid-1800s at Lion Works, 15 Broad St., Leominster. They were originally ironmongers, but expanded into producing pumps, drain covers, small agricultural appliances and barns. Littlebury's Directory and Gazetteer of Herefordshire in 1876-7 recorded that The Foundry in Victoria Rd, Kington was " an extensive iron foundry, nail and agricultural implement manufactory carried on by Messrs James Meredith and Co." In 1901 it was sold to Messrs Alexander and Duncan of Leominster, who continued to use it as a foundry.
The 1905 Kelly's Directory reports that "Messrs. Alexander and Duncan, of the Lion Works, have a large implement factory [in Leominster], with a tram road running through the premises, which are completely fitted with the best modern machinery: in connection with these works is a large wholesale and retail ironmongery business".
The entry in Kelly's Directory 1913 reads: Alexander & Duncan Limited, manufacturing Ironmongers, agricultural, hot water & sanitary engineers, bar iron, steel, nails, & oil & color merchants, implement makers & erectors of galvanized iron buildings, Lion Works, 15 Broad St, iron & brass founders, Vulcan Foundry, 41 & 43 West St, Leominster; & 10 New Market St, Hereford.
Since 2012 they have become part of the Tallis Amos Group (TAG).
|This name seen on the plank of a pump in a pub at Awre, Glos, and similarly on a pump plank at Toddington Station on the Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway.|
Allen & Son,
|"ALLEN & SON TAUNTON" seen on a pump bought by a collector in
Carlisle (which also has "CHURCHIILL" stamped on its handle). Subsequently,
we've discovered that it's essentially identical to ones in Babbacombe, Torbay;
Bawdrip, Soms; and in all probability, ones at Weston-in-Gordano, N. Soms, and
Stoborough, Dorset. "...N & SON TAUNTON" seen on a pump in Brompton Ralph,
Soms. "C. ALLEN & SON TAUNTON" seen on a pump at Thurloxton, Soms, and
"TAUNTON" on a pump at North Curry, Soms. The company was in operation at Tone
Bridge Foundry, Taunton, by 1874. Subsequent adverts described them as "Tone
Foundry & Engineering Works, Taunton. Engineers, Millwrights, iron Founders
and Steam Boiler Makers". They were still advertising their products and
services in 1893, and had expanded into agricultural engineering, but in 1917,
during WW1, they were loaned a "Motor Tractor Plough" by the government and
advertised it as being available for hire in assisting local food production.
This may have been the start of their diversification, as by 1924 they were
selling cars and lorries. Later they opened branches in Bristol & Plymouth,
and were a large enough company to run annual staff outings. They were still
advertising car sales in the 1950s.
(See also "Real", below.)
|"R.W.Allen Plumber WOODBRIDGE" seen on the town pump in Woodbridge, Suffolk. Robert W. Allen took over his father's long-established business in 1859, advertising himself as "Painter, Plumber, Glazier and House Painter", and probably installed the Woodbridge pump.|
|A name seen on three pumps - one simply carrying the word "ALLWEILER", another "ALLWEILER CARVENS", and the thIrd a semi-rotary with the words "NO 3 ORIGINAL ALLWEILER PUMP BRITISH MADE". Allweiler professes to be Germany's oldest pump manufacturer, having made pumps since 1860. The company is still in operation and advertises that it has many subsidiaries and partner companies throughout the world. Susequently found on a pump in a park in Norwich, and carrying the words "ALLWEILER" and "MADE IN GERMANY".|
|Amies and Barford, Peterborough.||Reported as having installed a pump at Binbrook, Lincs. Amies & Barford were a firm of ironmongers and builders merchants, and records over the period 1860-1937 lists Barford & Perkins Ltd., as road roller and agricultural machinery manufacturers.|
|"AOV INDIA MARK - II AOV INTERNATIONAL (A Govt. Recognised Export House) AN ISO CERTIFIED CO." [Followed by an e-mail address] seen on a modern pump installed at Mount Stewart (NT), Newtownards. Co. Down.|
|Appleby & Co,
Renishaw Ironworks, Renishaw, Derbs (between Chesterfield and Sheffield).
|Found quite widely
around the country, including Glos, Warks, Herefs, Herts, Essex, Cumbs, Isle of
Wight, Sussex, Rutland, Leics, Notts, Norfolk, Mon and Yorks.
The Renishaw History Group confirms that Appleby & Co Renishaw Iron Works was founded in the late 18th Century by Thomas Appleby, who with Edward Scholefield purchased the land for the Iron Works on 22 June 1793. Thomas died on 15 Nov 1814, and James Appleby, probably his son, is mentioned in 1841 as being the owner. The Renishaw Iron Works was by the mid-19th Century one of the largest in Britain, and it closed in 1999.
Commonly the inscription reads:
APPLEBY & CO.
|A pump in Graveley,
Herts, carries on its cap the inscription:
APPLEBY & Co. RENISHAW IRON WORKS
INVENTORS & MANUFACTURERS
OF PUMPS WITH REGISTERED
BUCKETS & CONE VALVES. No 4017.
And another in Highstreet Green, Essex has essentially the same wording.
in Ufford, Peterborough; Wilmcote, Warks; Barrowden, Rutland; Cropwell Butler,
Notts; Ackworth, W. Yorks; Brinton, Norfolk, and Hutton-in-the-Forest, near
Unthank, Cumbs, read:
APPLEBY & CO.
RENISHAW IRON WORKS
Pumps at Owermoigne, Dorset, and Rushbrook, Suffolk, have similar inscriptions on their caps.
|There's an Appleby Chain Pump in Charterhouse, Soms|
|An Appleby pump at Ruddington Framework Knitters' Museum, Ruddington, Notts, has "APPLEBY RENISHAW IRON WORKS" on its cap, and another at the museum in Ramsey, Cambs, shows the words "APPLEBY & CO PATENT" on its cap|
|T. Ashfield||Found on a pump at St. Bride's Major, Vale of Glamorgan. Not yet positively identified identified this company, but I've found a Thomas Ashfield, pump maker of North Malvern, Worcs, who died in 1872.|
& Nesbit Ltd.,
Also at London, Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester.
|"No.1 Runwell British Make" is on a pump at Spalding, Lincs; "No.
2 Runwell British Make" on a pump at Sandford, Isle of Wight; Dartmoor Prison
Museum, Princetown, Devon; and another at Marshwood, Dorset. "No.3 Runwell
semi-rotaries have turned up in Pinchbeck, Lincs;
Thornbury, Devon; Grey Abbey, Co. Down; and in Australia and New Zealand. A No.
4 has been found on Alderney; "Runwell No. 5" has been seen on pumps near
Ballylesson, Co. Down and Amberley, W. Sussex; a No. 6 in Australia, and a No.
8 in a collection at Ballycowan, Co. Down. We're still waiting for a
Ashwell & Nesbit was founded in Leicester in 1879 by Frank Ashwell, when the firm's main activity was mill-wrighting. A heating department was started in 1884 with David Mein Nesbit joining later as manager, and he became a partner in 1891. Business expanded to cover heating ranges, ovens, cast iron railings, windows and hosiery pressing". In 1919 a patent was taken out on "improvements in and relating to Semi-rotary Pumps". In 1992 Ashwells was taken over with a management buyout, the company was restructured and, as Ashwell Biomass Ltd of Thurmaston, Leicester, they are now deeply into the production of biomass boilers.
Iron Foundry PVT Ltd.,
Grand Trank Rd,
Salkia Howrah West-Bengal 711106 India
|"Atta'S Iron Foundry Service No: 3" [sic] - found on a pump in
Ladykirk, Scottish Borders. A complete mystery as to how this pump found its
way to this location. We've now located another one, at Wreay, Cumbs, with the
wording "Atta's Iron Foundry Service No: 6", and another example of this model
at a garden centre selling recycled stuff at Ashwell,
Another No.6 has been reported, still in its original wooden packing case, which carries a number of stencilled markings. Some of these confirm that the No.6 has a 3½" bore and 1½" suction. Further marking indicates that it was supplied by "MAYAS POPULAR PUMPS" to the British Army's Central Ordnance Depot at Donnington, near Telford. The pump is rusty, but still carries traces of its original green paint, although the age of the pump cannot be determined.
|J and W
|"J & W. BADGER MAKERS WORCESTER" seen on a pump reportedly in a garden in Reading and being offered for sale on eBay. J & W Badger's ironmonger's shop (now demolished) was at the junction of St. Nicholas St and Angel St., Worcester, and a photo of it with an attributed date of 1890 can be found online On 30 July 1872 the London Gazette carried a notice to the effect that the business partnership between John Badger and William James Badger (Ironmongers and Kitchen Range Manufacturers) was to be dissolved by mutual consent, the business being carried on henceforth by John Badger alone.|
71 Gracechurch St.,
|Found on a pump at Dunmore, Falkirk. The company advertised themselves in 1840 as "Furnishing Ironmongers", and they exhibited in the Great Exhibition of 1851. By 1870 William's sons, Charles and Henry Baily, were running the company and they advertised themselves as "Manufacturing and Furnishing Ironmongers, Smiths, Bellhangers, Gas Fitters & Stove, Grate and Kitchen Range & Hot Water Apparatus Makers". See more detail at http://www.valentines.org.uk/valentines_mansion/range.html|
Baker & Sons,
|Seen on a 130 gal wheeled water barrel, with a hand pump mounted on the end, at a Steam Fair in Cheltenham, Glos. The handpump had no markings. A c.1900 catalogue of theirs advertises "liquid manure and water carts, sanitary tumbler carts, street watering carts and vans, street sweeping machines, builders and contractors carts, pumps and hoses". The company also made a range of chain pumps.|
|"HERBERT. BALE KIDD.R", written on a pump at Neen Sollars, Herefs and at Eastham, Worcs. The company also made iron railings. (See William Turton, below.)|
|Name on a small pump barrel found buried in in-fill in Leeming Bar, N. Yorks. The only H. Ball we've managed to trace in Long Eaton was a Horace Ball, who was Captain of the Long Eaton Fire Brigade, 1886-1896. Not necessarily the same person!|
|"Ball & Horton, Stratford upon Avon" seen on a flywheel & crank pump in the middle of a field near Snitterfield, Warks. Frederick Ball and William Horton, engineers, were in business in Stratford-upon-Avon over at least the period 1868-1913. Frederick's widow, Sarah Anne, became a partner in 1907.|
|Henry Bamford & Sons
|Makers of a "Universal" in Naunton, Worcs;
Carlisle, Cumbs; and Cardington, Shrops; "Universal Deep Well Pumps" at
Longstanton and Little Shelford, Cambs; Ryton, Shrops; and Marston Montgomery,
Derbs; and a "Model 2A" in Uttoxeter. There's a Bamford's pump at Hannington,
Swindon, and the name Bamford is reported to appear on a pump in Tushingham,
Chester. Multiple Bamford's pumps abound to the North of Cambridge and there's
one at Alsonefield, Staffs.
Bamford Chain Pumps can be found at Outgate, near Hawkshead, Cumbs; at Beamish Museum, Co. Durham; Lodsworth, W. Sussex; in a garden in Guildford, Surrey; on farms near Charlton Musgrove, Soms, and Apse Heath, IoW; and at the Somerset Museum of Rural Life, Glastonbury. These typically carry a model number: "RD NO 17856". A chain pump at Darley Dale, nr Northwood, Derbs, includes the name "LEIGHTON".
Examples of "Bamford's Frost Protected Lift Pumps" are at Lloc, Flint; Stanton Fitzwarren, Swindon; Great Cubley, Derbs; Longstanton, Cambs; Market Bosworth, Leics. Further information from someone who has taken one of these types apart is that the frost protection was simply to box up a Bamfords Universal Deep Well Pump inside cast iron panels and stuff it with something which looks like horse hair or chopped up hemp insulation.
Two Bamford's pumps at Waterbeach, Cambs, feature an additional raised plate on their barrels, one of which carries the markings "7360 MARK 15 X".
Two more Bamford's pumps, one at Horningsea, Cambs, and the other at Dalston, Cumbs, carry the marking "7959 MARK 14X" (the 14X means that it has a 3½" bore).
A Bamford's pump has now surfaced in Eden, Co. Antrim, with "BAMFORD" and "UTTOXETER ENGD" on the spout and "7972 MARK 2.X" on the barrel. Subsequently it has been pointed out (thanks, Marcus) that there's an apparently identical model at Drumburgh Castle, Cumbs.
A Bamford's Cottage Pump has now turned up at St. Neots, Cambs, carrying a simple Bamford's shield and the marking 1 X, implying a 3" bore.
The company originally set up business in Uttoxeter as ironmongers, expanding into making pumps, taps and agricultural implements. Joseph Cyril Bamford left the company in around 1945 to establish JCB Excavators which are still in business today as the well-known international company, JCB. Henry Bamford & Sons continued producing farm equipment until 1987 when they entered liquidation. See more at http://henrybamfordandsonsuttoxeterengland.co.uk/history/beginning/.
Barber, Ryston Cottage, Lugwardine,
|Written article records him (b.1861) as the last of four generations of wooden pump makers.|
|A. W. Barnham||"A W
BARNHAM ENGINEER WALSINGHAM NORFOLK" seen on a pump in Sturmer, Essex, and on a
label attached to a Climax pump in Sparham, Norfolk.
"A.W.BARNHAM ENGINEER WALSINGHAM" seen on two pumps in Burnham Market, Norfolk, and another on a pump offered for sale by an architectural salvage company.
There is currently a garage business by the name of A.W.Barnham at Foundry House, Walsingham.
Exall & Andrewes,
|This large ironworks was founded in 1817/18, employing up to 360 people and occupying a 12 acre plot. They produced agricultural machinery and portable/fixed engines, winning many prize medals in Britain and Europe - including one at the 1851 Great Exhibition. In 1838 they provided ironwork for Brunel's new London-Bristol Railway. They produced a share (100) of the worlds' first production internal combustion engines, designed in 1860 by Lenoir. They also carried out much work for Palmer's local biscuit industry, including a steam-driven biscuit machine. The link with Palmer continued, and their pump at Sonning carries a dedication to Robert Palmer dated 1846. George Barrett died in 1858, and even his memorial stone is made of cast iron. In 1877 Alfred Palmer, one-time High Sheriff of Berkshire, married the youngest daughter of William Exall, one of the iron foundry's partners. In 1864 the company changed its name to The Reading Iron Works Ltd, and ultimately went into liquidation during the agricultural slump of 1888.|
|"BARWELL & Co NORTHAMPTON" seen on a pump in Toddington, Beds. Edward Barwell established his foundry in Bridge St., Northampton, in 1823. It was taken over by William Rice in 1870, at which time the business employed 150 men. Rice & Co's Eagle Foundry continued in business until 1998.|
& Co Ltd, Engineers
& CO LD LONDON" found on pumps in Hardwicke, Glos,
and Hereford. The name was repeated around the rim of the cap, and in the case
of the Hardwicke pump included the words "Patent Antifreezing Pump". A probable
brass bilge pump, carrying the company's name and address plus "1915", came to
light in Paris.
The name is also found on a
|Bellow & Son, Leominster.||"BELLOW & SON MAKERS LEOMINSTER" seen on pumps at Eardisland and Ledicot, Herefs, and reportedly also one in Sarnesfield, Herefs. An 1879 directory records a John Bellow & Son as general ironmongers, plumbers, braziers, tin & iron plate workers, hot water fitters, & bar iron warehouse, 26 High Street. Another directory of 1897 records the firm at the same address as general ironmonger, bar, hoop and sheet iron merchants, plumbers, braziers, iron and tin-plate workers, dealers in oils, colours, implements, seeds, etc.|
|"C. Benson, Plumber, Knaresbro" seen on a pump in Hopperton, Yorks.|
|"J.H.BEST LANSON" on a lead pump in Treburley, Cornwall, reportedly on another one near Launceston, and also on one offered for sale over the internet in Oct 2012.|
|Makers of a modern pump in South London. The company advertises itself as supplying child-friendly pumps for use in children's playgrounds. They were founded in 1871 in Flensburg, moved to Luebeck in 1982 and re-located to Ahrensburg in 2014.|
|Board of Ordnance||The letters "BO" together with a War Dept arrow marking seen on pumps at Tilbury Fort, Thurrock; Calbourne Mill, Isle of Wight; and Elizabeth Castle, St. Helier, Jersey. Best information is that it stands for "Board of Ordnance" (although British Ordnance has also been suggested). See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Board_of_Ordnance. Elsewhere it's recorded that BO with a broad upward arrow was in use before 1855, and WD and arrow after that date.|
Bury St. Edmunds.
|Robert Boby was a major manufacturer making agricultural implements in Bury St Edmunds from 1843 until the 1970s. At its height in the 1870s it employed about 200 men. A belt-driven pump made by the company survives in the Museum of East Anglian Rural Life, Stowmarket.|
|"A. BODIN" seen on a pump offered for sale at Shane's Castle, Antrim Town, Co. Antrim. "BODIN" also seen on a pump at Goring-by-Sea, W. Sussex; and in 2023 in a display at the Chelsea Flower Show. Both Pompes Bodin and Pompes Mengin were established in 1920, and have now merged to form the Bodin Group.|
|On a pump
in Hatherleigh, Devon. George Bodley established an iron foundry in Exeter in
1790 and by 1881 Owen Henry Bodley was recorded as employing 50 men and boys.
The company produced a wide range of products, including machine-tools,
traction and steam engines, and general castings. The next generation of
Bodleys didn't take any part in the running of the company, which was
henceforth adminstered by trustees, Campion the solicitors. They ran the
company until 1966, when the last of the Bodley children died, and closed it
down a year later.
"Bodley Exeter" seen on a pump in Kenn, Devon.
Brackett & Co,
Hythe Bridge Ironworks,
|"F.W.Brackett & Co, Engineers, Colchester - England" seen on a pump at Belleek, Co. Fermanagh, NI. The business was founded in a former stable in Hawkins Road in 1898 by Frank Brackett and three colleagues. In 1900 the company moved to a new site adjoining Clacton Road and in 1909 they became a private company. By 1961 they were advertising as "Engineers, manufacturing pumps, water screens and strainers", although hand pumps do not seem to have figured greatly in their product range. After various re-incarnations as Brackett Green and Eimco Water Technologies, the company closed its Colchester site. It is now part of the multi-national company, Ovivo. .|
|Braithwaite & Co,
|Reported on a pump at Harrow-on-the-Hill, Greater London. The company was famed for its steam engines, including the first steam fire engine (see http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/John_Braithwaite), but they were also "engaged in the manufacture of pumps, sinking wells, &c".|
Bramah & Sons,
|A 3-throw pump at Little Cressingham Mill, Norfolk, carries a label "BRAMAH LONDON". This company was founded by Joseph Bramah in 1784, and was famous for its unpickable locks, water closets, machine tools, a hydraulic press and no end of other ingenious inventions - including in 1797 the original beer engine (i.e., beer pump). Some years later ex-Joseph Bramah employee William Russell founded Hayward Tyler, a very well-known pump manufacturer (see below), and their 1815 catalogue featured products originally designed by Joseph Bramah.|
|Found on a pump at Drumnahunshin, Co. Armagh. Three generations of Bright Brothers ran the Portadown Foundry 1879 - 1920 and are listed as being builders & hardware merchants, selling and repairing farming equipment.|
||"BRISTOW" "Plum 1820 mer" [sic] seen on a pump in Fordingbridge Musuem, Hants. No further information found to date.|
|"T. BUCHANAN DUNKELD" reported on a pump at Logierait, Perth & Kinloss. There is also an example near Port William, Dumf & Gall, although it has been confirmed that this one was previously at Blair Atholl Museum, Perth & Kinloss.|
|Reported on a Climax pump at North End, Essex. The firm is recorded as being artesian well engineers and feature at Aylsham in 1923 and elsewhere in 1929. No further information yet.|
|Inscribed on a pump at Shadoxhurst, Kent, with the date 1887. In 1861 Jonathan U. Bugler was stated to be an ironmonger who lived at Stoke House, Church St., Ashford. He was still there in 1882, when the Kentish Express & Ashford News of 11 March carried a report of John Udal Bugler of Ashford in bankruptcy at Canterbury Court.|
Bullen & Sons,
|William Bullen was a carpenter and wheelwright in Trunch, and it was his son Alfred who started the well-sinking business. Alfred's sons Herbert and Horace continued well-sinking until at least the 1950s. More - including a photograph of them boring out a wooden pump barrel. A wooden pump survives on The Hill, Trunch, although it isn't clear if this was one of Bullen's.|
|Seen on a pump in Londonderry, N. Yorks, sited below a Joseph Evans "Lion" trademark. B & E Bushell were a firm of York ironmongers founded by brothers Bernard and Edward.|
Sons & May,
READING" seen on a Joseph Evans flywheel & crank pump at Burghfield Hill,
W. Berks; and "CALLAS OXFORD ST READING" on a small Joseph Evans pump in
private hands near Reading.
Callas, Sons & May were ironmongers in Reading, and records exist of their sinking boreholes in the area in the late 1890s, including one at the Burghfield Hill location. They seem to have started out as a bell-hanging business run by Henry Callas (1797-1874), developed by his son George into a gasfitting and ironmonger's business, and then taken on by George's brother Alfred (1846-1934). The firm continued trading until 2014.
|"JAMES CAMERON BELFAST" seen on a lead pump at Ballywalter Park, Co. Down. [Image © Copyright Ross and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.]|
Carlile & Co,
|"WM CARLILE & CO, PLUMBERS, BELFAST" Seen on a pump at Saintfield, Co. Down. William Carlile (Carlisle) & Co., plumbers, brassfounders, gas fitters &c" were listed at Donegall Street, Belfast from 1861 to the 1890s.|
|Seen on a pump in Broughshane, Co. Antrim. No further information, but D.Vadden might be a shortened form of Dunnyvadden.|
|Edmund Child established his Southwold iron and brass foundry in the early 1800s, in what's still known as Child's Yard. His son George Edmund took over the business in 1841, and in 1873 they built the pump in Southwold's Market Place.|
CHRISTIE COLERAINE" seen on pumps in Londonderry; Swatragh and Coleraine, Co.
Derry; Limavady and Ballymoney, Co. Down; Knockbreda, Belfast; and also at a
pub in Oxford. Street directories for 1910 and 1918 list "Christie, Daniel,
plumber, gasfitter, marble and monumental works" at The Diamond, Coleraine.
(The Diamond = Town Square.)
"CHRISTIES COLERAINE" seen on a pump at Benburg, Co. Armagh.
"CHRISTIES LTD COLERAINE" seen on pumps at Ballintoy, Co. Antrim, and Clady, Co. Derry.
LTD BALLYMONEY" seen on a pump in Lisburn. No further information found
relating to this company, except for a report in a 2010 newspaper reporting
that one had been stolen from a property in Ballymoney.
|Citizen||The name found on a small barrel pump in Cartmel, Cumbs and also installed over a cistern at a private house near Charlton Kings, Glos. The owner of the latter was able to confirm that it was bought as a barrel pump from www.oak-barrel.com in about 1990.|
|A L Claeys,
|Found this name on two small domestic pumps offered for sale by a Belgian dealer at an agricultural show in Malvern, Worcs. They carried a "2" and a trademark on their barrels - which might be CA or AC - and "Belgium" on the handles. Alexandre Claeys established a foundry in Zedelgem from 1825, with his son Louis and grandson Aime taking over in turn. The trademark is in use today by Clasal of Zedelgem, which has links with the original company and still produces a hand pump.|
Clarke & Sons,
John Henry Clarke of Cubbington bought two cottages at 129/131 Warwick Road,
Kenilworth, along with an established well-sinking and pump-making business
(and an ancillary trade of timber merchants). After a hiatus during WW1, when
they had turned to making pit props, they resumed their original business and
built a new house and premises at 159/161 Warwick Road. Business postcards and
letterheads gave their new address as St. John's Pump Works, Warwick Rd,
In addition to their at the time flourishing well-sinking business, they specialised in making wooden pumps, although at some stage they certainly included copper linings for their barrels, cast iron spouts and cast iron handles. At a later stage they sourced ready-made cast iron pumps from the foundry of Lee, Howl & Co, of Tipton, although to date we've only found one example, at Princethorpe, Warks.
|See A.L.Claeys, above.||
|Seen on two pumps in Easton, Somerset. The company were in existence by the mid-1910s, and had an address at Penniless Porch, Wells. Their work seemed to be essentially related to bore sinking or tunnel digging, and they went into liquidation in 1971.|
|Clements & Acheson,
111, Victoria St,
|"CLEMENTS & ACHESON BELFAST" seen on a pump in Ballymacricket, Co. Antrim, and another at Islandmagee, near Larne, Co. Antrim. An 1877 trade directory lists "Clements & Acheson, plumbers, gas fitters, brass founders and lead merchants, 111 Victoria Street, Belfast".|
||See Thomas & Son, Worcester, below.|
|Clinton and Owens, Engineers.||A fragment of this nameplate - "CLINTO ENG" - is on a pump at Godalming, and I believe that it originally read "CLINTON & OWENS ENGINEERS LONDON". A major company, which later became S. Owens & Co - see below.|
1, Smithfield Sq,
BALLYMENA" found at Clady, Co. Derry, on an abandoned pump on the shore at
Rathlin Island, nr Ballymena, Co. Antrim, and others at Armoy, Clough and
Gracehill, Co. Antrim. "A. CLYDE" on a pump at Parkgate, Co.Antrim. Alex Clyde
was recorded as a registered plumber and sanitary engineer in Ballymena in 1910
At Parkgate, Co.Antrim, there are two pumps with the wording "A CLYDE SUCCESSORS BALLYMENA", another in Ballymena, Co. Antrim, and a further one in Swatragh, Co. Derry.
|Coalbrookdale & Co.||Makers of formal pumps found in Llanuwchllyn, Gwynedd (see maker's
mark, opposite), and a practically indentical one at Stanton-by-Dale, Derbs.
Also at Burrington and Christon, N. Soms, and Biddington,
Pumps at Ickleford, Herts, Loppington, Shrops, and another in private hands in Tisbury, Wilts, carry a round maker's mark, containing a "3", one at Padstow has a "3½", and one near Lidgate, Suffolk, a "4".
Examples of pumps are shown in the Coalbrookdale Company Catalogue 1875, Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust. See: http://www.darwincountry.org/explore/002496.html
|Found on a pump in Coneythorpe, N. Yorks.|
London Road Iron Works, Chelmsford,
|The names "Coleman & Morton" found on a pump at Newport, Essex, dated 1877. The company, originally named Coleman & Son, was established in the 1850s. They manufactured and sold a vast range of agricultural implements, including wagons, cultivators and water carts. The partnership was wound up in 1906.|
32, Shop St,
|Found on a pump in Blackwatertown, Co. Armagh, NI, and in Wigton, Cumbs. A number of pumps bearing his name are present in the Irish Republic but, unusually, this one is north of the border (it was re-located from Co. Meath). John Collins Ltd was an ironmongers which had occupied the same site in Shop St for over 200 years. It closed in 1986.|
|Seen on a Bamford's pump at Bishop Gower's Well, Llanddew, Powys. Not much information yet found on the firm, except that they were active in the Brecon area 1904-1912, exhibiting their agricultural machines.|
Corpin & Tobyn
||Very indistinct names found on a pump at Gorleston-on-Sea, Norfolk.|
|"CORNISH WALSINGHAM" seen on pumps in Brancaster and Great Massingham, Norfolk. A bit of research comes up with a Henery [sic] Cornish aged 51 in 1851, recorded in the census as "Iron Worker - Master Agricultural Implement Maker employing 15 men 6 apprentices". Elsewhere his wife Mary and their offspring James, Ezra, Jabez, Henry and Eliza are all recorded as having key roles in the family business. The site of their business has now been converted into housing known appropriately as The Old Foundry.|
(later the Hemel Hempstead Engineering Co.)
|There's a pump in the High Street, Hemel Hempstead, which proclaims that it was manufactured by Joseph Cranstone. His company, founded in 1798 as an ironmongers, was located at 25, High Street, Hemel Hempstead. His son, also Joseph, took over in 1818 and developed it into an iron foundry, which was known as the Phoenix works, and latterly became the Hemel Hempstead Engineering Company.|
|Crawford & Wilson,
58, High St/Old Market,
|"CRAWFORD AND WILSON OMAGH" seen on a pump at Ulster American Folk Park, Omagh. In 1910 Crawford & Wilson were advertising themselves as hardware merchants, ironmongers, seedsmen and jewellers at their High St premises and selling china, glass, and delph at Market St. They became an incorporated company in 1926 and are still trading in Omagh today.|
27 Bank St,
& WINTERTON, IRONMONGERS, BRAINTREE, ESSEX" seen on a pump in Gosfield,
Francis Berrington Crittall bought the Bank Street ironmongers in Braintree in 1849. Following his father's death, Francis Henry Crittall took over the firm and in 1884 began to manufacture metal-framed windows. In 1889 the Crittall Manufacturing Company Ltd was set up, and ultimately expanded into an international business, known today as Crittall Windows Ltd, a leading manufacturer of steel framed windows. Francis Henry Crittall also funded the development of the model village of Silver End in Essex. "Crittall & Winterton" is still recalled as an ironmonger's shop in Braintree, but who Mr. Winterton was, I've not yet been able to discover.
Currie & Co.
& CO" seen on a pump in Fuemore, Co. Antrim.
"J. CURRIE & CO BELFAST" seen on one near Newtownards, Co.Down, and at Maghaberry, Co. Antrim.
No further information.
Curtis & Son,
Sanitary Plumbers, Gainsborough
|Spotted on a solid lead pump with a willow plunger that was on sale on ebay.|
||"DALE CO 3 in NO8" seen on a pump at Darowen, Powys. No information yet found on this company.|
|"HUGH DALE PLUMBER BANBRIDGE" seen on a pump in Gilford, Co. Down. No further information found yet, other than that there was a plumber by the name of Hugh Dale living in Rathfriland St., Banbridge, in 1911. Nearby is a cast iron access cover with the words "BANBRIDGE FOUNDRY" on it - and there's surprisingly little information available about this foundry.|
||Seen on a pump valve in Kent and on a diaphragm pump elsewhere. The trademark DANDO is used by Duke and Ockenden, a company established in 1867/68, describing themselves at the time as well sinkers and pump makers. Their manufacturing base was at Ferry Wharf, Littlehampton, and they had a London office at 126, Southwark St, London SE1. Following their sinking of a tube well in Littlehampton in 1867 to obtain a clean water supply during a cholera outbreak, the following year they supplied tube wells to Abyssinia. The company developed into providing worldwide drilling services, equipment, wells, windmills and pumps. They continue to operate today from their Littlehampton base, producing drilling rigs and equipment as part of a Canadian company, Energold, of Vancouver.|
|Found on the flywheel of a probable horse-driven pump at The Argory, a NT property at Moy, Co. Armagh. No further information on the maker.|
Brothers & Co. Ltd,
Cross St. North,
|This company, established in 1838, claimed to be "one of the first galvanising companies in the world". They occupied a 3 acre site in Wolverhampton and survived until at least 1971. A 1910 catalogue advertised a "extra strong galvanised steel contractor's pump" which looks very much like one existing today in private hands in Ross-on-Wye - although very similar pumps were also made by Appleby's and Joseph Evans.|
|Found on a pump at Lower Langford, N. Soms, not far from the village of Churchill. No further information found.|
|"DENING & CO CHARD" found on a pump at Tatworth, Soms. The company was founded in 1828, and in 1851 were described as ironmongers and manufacturers of agricultural implements employing 45 men and 5 boys. They were later known as Denings of Chard, and the company closed in 1965.|
Dickie & Sons,
|"W. DICKIE & SONS LTD EAST KILBRIDE GLASGOW" seen on a chain pump at Kilmahog, Stirling. The company was established in 1872 and was well-known for its windpumps. At its peak the company employed 115 men but closed in 1965.|
|"J [? or W?] DICKINSON KNARESBRO" seen on a pump at Bishop Monkton, N. Yorks. A Thomas Dickinson is recorded as a blacksmith of High St, Knaresborough, in 1829, and of Low Bridge, Knaresborough, in 1837; a William Dickinson is listed as a blacksmith in the High St in 1837.|
Distin & Son,
|"E. DISTIN & SON 1868" seen on a lead pump at Landscove, Devon. The 1881 census shows a Fred Distin, Ironmonger & Plumber, at 58 High St, Totnes. His son, Ernest, was born in 1869, and by 1911 Ernest was head of his household, and an ironmonger at 29 Fore St, Totnes.|
Drummond & Son,
|"...[OND]? & SON LOCKERBIE" seen written on the cap of a Lion Foundry (of Kirkintilloch) model near Beattock, Dumfries & Galloway. A probable MacFarlane No.2 model at Gretna, Dumfries & Galloway, carries the wording "PLUMBER" and "LOCKERBIE", and possibly also "DRUMMOND". A Peter Drummond occupied premises in Lockerbie over the period 1882-1903, and "Peter Drummond, plumber and gasfitter", is recorded in Moffat and Dumfries, 1869-1950.|
DUGAN LISBURN" seen on a cowtail pump at Ballycowan, Co. Down. "GEORGE DUGAN
PLUMBER LISBURN" is on one at Ballyvanen, Co.Antrim, and Ballymullan, Co. Down;
and "G.DUGAN LISBURN" seen on ones in the Museum of the Gorge, Ironbridge,
Shrops and at Dromore, Co. Down.
I've been told that George Dugan (1863-1945) was a master plumber and gasfitter who employed 6 or 7 men. He, his wife Catherine, and their 6 children lived at 3 Chapel Hill, Lisburn. There are/were several more pumps with George Dugan's name on in the vicinity. A descendant is still in business there today, although not connected with pumps or plumbing.
|Seen on a pump at Lessans, near Saintfield, Co. Down. Another example, location unknown, has been offered for sale on the internet. No further information found.|
|Duke & Ockenden||See DANDO, above.|
|Dunn of Launceton||Reported on a lead pump head offered for sale over the Internet.|
Large & Co,
|"DUTHIE LARGE & Co, ATHY" seen on a pump in Maidstone, Kent. In 1907 they advertised the supply and installation of rams and windmills; in 1928 they were recorded as employing 200 men, with the capacity to employ 3 times that number. In 1931 a trade directory listed them as cycle agents, garages and general motor works, and agricultural implement manufacturers. In 1939 they advertised a very wide range of agricultural and motor products and services, and were a main Ford agent for their area. They ceased trading in the 1980s.|
|"DYMOND CALLINGTON" and a date (188x) seen on a lead pump at Metherwell, Cornwall. W. W. Dymond was listed in a 1901 postal directory as being an ironmongers and plumbers in Callington, and W. W. Dymond was also listed as director of Callington waterworks.|
East & Son,
74-76 High St,
indistinct "C. EAST BURFORD" seen on a pump in Little Barrington,
Gloucestershire, and "C. EAST & SON BURFORD" on a pump in Taynton, Oxon. A
pump at Great Rissington is identical to the one at Little Barrington, but
doesn't carry the maker's name.
Charles East (1837-1934) and Son are described in the trade directories as ironmongers, engineers and water contractors. They occupied their premises from 1881 to at least 1911 - perhaps a little later. They gradually expanded to include an iron foundry, a machine shop and an erecting/testing shop for waterwheels. Hand pumps formed only a part of their range, and the company was deeply involved in waterwheel driven pumps, which were installed at a number of local estates.
& Godding Ltd,
"EDWARDS & GODDING LTD NEWBURY" seen on a pump in Thatcham, W. Berks. This company dates from 1790 and is still in business, nowadays selling cooking ranges. Elsewhere there is a suggestion that the pump was cast in the 1870s by Hedges Foundry in Bucklebury, and it is possible that the pump was perhaps supplied via Edwards & Godding. Further research is necessary.
J. Ell & Sons Ltd
Victoria Well Works
"C. J. ELL & SONS VICTORIA WELL WORKS LUTON" seen on a large frame pump at Stockwood Park Musuem, Luton.
"C. J. ELL & SONS ENGINEERS LUTON" seen on a Joseph Evans pump in Foxton, Cambs.
The company was established in 1890 and were advertising their services in 1930 and 1935. They were incorporated in 1952 but by 1975 were in trouble and in 1981 went into liquidation.
||"EMPIRE" and a possible part number seen on the spout of a pump at a farm near Wormhill, Derbs. No further information.|
Espey & Son,
|Seen on pumps at Rock and Brookend, Co. Tyrone, and at Draperstown, Co. Londonderry.|
|Joseph Evans & Sons (Wolverhampton) Ltd.|| Joseph Evans & Sons (Wolverhampton) Ltd, was founded in 1810
and traded until about 1964, having been acquired by Newman Industries in 1944.
The company had depots in Cardiff, Sheffield, Manchester, Glasgow and
Newcastle-on-Tyne, and examples of their pumps are scattered widely around the
UK - and indeed further afield.
The company used a number of trademarks before settling on a lion rampant, and with many variations on a theme:
a. Their early trademark seems to have been a roundel with the words "Joseph Evans and Sons Wolverhampton" written around the name "Culwell" (the location of their works) and with an "E" in the centre. Seen on pumps in Over Norton and Great Haseley, Oxon; Setley, Hants; Gloucester, Glos; Bishopswood, Staffs; Findon, W. Sussex.
b. at a location on Guernsey, at Fontmell Magna, Dorset, and on a farm near Deanshanger, Dorset, pumps have a similar roundel but with the words "Evans Brand England" written around "Culwell" and with an "E" in the centre.
b1. A possibly even earlier variation, on a pump in storage at a farm near Bishops Cleeve, Glos, simply having the word "CULWELL" written around an "E".
c. A pitcher pump on the Isle of Wight carries the words "Jos. Evans & Sons Wolverhampton England", around its rim. Only one other example has yet been found of this, on a pump offered for sale on eBay.
d, e, f, g, h. From about 1890 they used the lion rampant trademark on all of their pumps, with the word "LION" written beneath. Many carry the message "Made in England", some add "Evans Wolverhampton".
i. Some models carry an "RD NO. 46671" - a Registered Number which must have had some significance.
j. One in the author's possession, one at the Coalbrookdale Museum of Iron, one at Emsworth Museum, Hants, and another at Ridgeway Cross, Herefs, have "RD NO. 46465" on their spouts, as does one in Ballycowan, Co. Down. Others at Studland, Dorset, and Yetminster might also have this number. One in Strangford, Co. Down, also has "PATENTED 1842" on its cap.
k. Another very small pump at Ashford-in-the-Water, Derbs, has "RD NO. 8231" on its spout and repeated on its base. A pump in Nottingham carries the same number.
l. Another variation on the theme (thanks to Marcus Simms for discovering this one). Unusually it shows a bore size rather than the usual Joseph Evans numbering system, and an apparent date., 1934.
The history of the firm is well presented at: http://www.historywebsite.co.uk/Museum/Engineering/Evans/evans20.htm .
A 1927 Joseph Evans catalogue includes some very distinctive diaphragm pumps in their patented "OK" range, and a pump in Haddiscoe, Norfolk, carries an "OK" on its handle, along with a patent number on its dome. Furthermore, it's likely that Evans used the name "CHALLENGE" on some of their range, although only the one at Amberley, W. Sussex has come to light.
Many Joseph Evans pumps are remarkably similar to those made by Lee, Howl & Co. Click on this link to check out ways of telling the two makes apart.
Evered & Son,
Birmingham & Smethwick.
|"R.E&S" in a shield - seen on a pump in North End, W. Sussex. Richard Evered founded his business in 1809 in Charles St., London, and also set up a factory in Lambeth. They exhibited at the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace in 1851 and in 1860 moved to Birmingham to be in the centre of the brassmaking industry, setting up in Bartholomew Street, Digbeth. In 1866 they expanded to Smethwick, and by 1900 are recorded as employing 1000 at their Birmingham works and 300 at Smethwick. In 1914 they advertised themselves as "Brassfounders, Bedstead Makers and Tube Drawers. Specialities: Gas Light and Water Fittings, Electric Light Fittings and Electric Bells, Cabinet Brassfoundry of every description, Metallic Bedsteads, Cots and Wire Mattresses, Brass and Copper Tubes, Rolled Metals etc." An advertisement of 1916 states: "We manufacture a greater variety of Brass Goods than any other firm in England!". They became a public company in 1937 and went through much change over the years. Today they are part of the Norddeutsche Affinerie AG (NA) Family.|
Ferguson & Co,
|"J. FERGUSON & CO BALLYMENA" seen on a pump at Drains Bay, Co. Antrim.|
|"J. FERGUSON DOWNPATRICK" seen on a pump at Seaforde, Co. Down. 1901 and 1910 street directories include James Ferguson, plumber, Circular Rd., Downpatrick.|
|Seen on a pump at St. Lawrence's Well, Didmarton, Glos. "Ramblinjohn" confirms that a Joseph Fletcher was born in Engine Common, Yate in 1857, and by 1881 was lodging at Eggshill Common, Yate, and working as a 'Plumber, Decorator and Glazier'. By the time of the 1891 census he and his family had moved to Yate Road and he is recorded as a 'Plumber'. In 1901 he is recorded as a 'Plumber and Lead Worker' in Station Road, Yate. He died in Yate in 1952.|
|Seen on a large metal drum next to a pump in West Lutton, N. Yorks. I'm told that the Fletcher Bros had a foundry in Park St., Pickering. Trade directories for the town show a William Fletcher, whitesmith, in 1834, and William Fletcher, blacksmith, in 1840. By 1890 an M. Fletcher was recorded as a blacksmith in the Old Cattle Market, and a John Fletcher was a blacksmith in Park St. The Beck Isle Museum has a photograph of blacksmith brothers Matt and Harold Fletcher outside their blacksmith's shop in Park Street.|
(also Dorset St., Fleet St.)
the suppliers of a series of 14 pumps along a section of the old Bath Rd from
London, of which a number still survive. The
text of an
online book on the turnpikes states that "In 1827 the Colnbrook Trust spent
£759 to dig wells, install pumps and buy new carts to water the Bath
Road. They purchased 14 pumps from Fowler & Co of Lambeth and eventually
there was a pump every 2 miles along the Bath Road through Berkshire, with 15
between Reading and Newbury". But see also Hedges Foundry,
We've so far located pumps at Longford, Poyle, Charvil, two at Calcot, and Theale, but can't find out much about this company, although there's a painting of Lambeth dated 1836 which includes Fowler's Iron Works. There's also a panel on a pump said to date to the 1840s at the Museum of London which has a panel reading "FOWLER, DORSET ST., FLEET ST., LONDON".
|Seen on an impressive pump at Hexton, Herts. Freeman Roe was a large company, with interests stretching far beyond pumps. When the Electric Telegraph Company developed its first underground circuits in London in 1847, Freeman Roe, "a well-known and large-scale plumbing engineer used to laying iron piping", was contracted to lay all the subterranean cables in London. They exhibited rams and steam engines at the Great Exhibition in 1851, and in 1853 obtained a patent for the invention of " improvements in paving roads and streets."|
|In 1819 Thomas Freethy, carpenter and builder of Acton, made the pump which formerly sat in the High St but today has been renovated and re-located to The Mount. Records reflect his purchasing of land in Acton in 1818, but by 1823 he was bankrupt.|
& SONS PLUMBERS" seen on a pump at Gellyburn, Perthshire.
William Frew & Sons of 8 Mill St was listed in the 1878 Post Office Directory for Perth as plumbers and brassfounders. Grace's Guide lists Frew, Watson and Co as plumbers, gasfitters and electrical engineers of 6 Mill Street, Perth, and also with a branch in Pitlochry. In 1901 the business was incorporated, with capital of £40,000, to acquire the firm of the same name, previously a private partnership. Over the years they were described in various trade directories as plumbers and brassfounders; electric engineers; or hot water, heating and sanitary plumbing specialists of 5- 8 Mill St Perth and of Pitlochry. Frew and Company Ltd was incorporated in 1905, with capital of £4,000, to acquire the business of Frew, Watson and Co Ltd (in liquidation); and also to acquire the whole or part of the properties situated in the south side of Mill Street, Perth, belonging to the company. In 1928 the company was listed as motor engineers at 14-18 Princes Street, Perth, authorised dealers for Ford cars and Fordson tractors.
|In 1897 he donated the substantial stone pump, still working, at Newick, East Sussex.|
|G H Pumps||Seen around the rim of a pitcher pump at the Old Pumpe House Inn in Hastings, East Sussex, and also on one offered for sale on eBay. The latter also carries a "3".|
Leiston, Saxmundham, Suffolk.
|Makers of pumps in Aldeburgh and Saxmundham, Suffolk, and almost certainly a small one at the Rydale Folk Museum, Hutton-le-Hole, N.Yorks. The Richard Garrett Works at Leiston built steam tractors and traction engines, various cast metal products, and ammunition for World Wars I & II. There's a museum in Leiston dedicated to the history of the company.|
|Garton & Jarvis,
|On a pump in Chittlehampton, and also in Exeter, Devon. An 1850
trade directory lists them as ironmongers, machine makers, iron and brass
founders and "hot water apparatus mfs. to her Majesty" at 190, High St.,
Garton & King can be traced back to 1661, and is Exeter's oldest business. Garton & Jarvis existed from the late 1830s up until 1865 when the business was renamed Garton & King. There's lots more about the history of the company at www.exeterfoundry.org.uk website.
|A. Gibson.||Seen embossed on a wooden-boxed lead pump offered for sale over the Internet.|
|Glenfield & Kennedy, Kilmarnock.||Prolific manufacturers of ornamental ironwork & fountains, drinking fountains, taps, and the occasional pump. See https://ironworks.scran.ac.uk/. Their products usually carried their name and often featured a lion's head. They were established in 1852 as the Glenfield Company and merged with Kennedy's Patent Water Meter Co in 1899.|
|Godwin Pumps Ltd.
(H. J. Godwin Ltd)
|"GODWIN QUENINGTON GLOS." found on an old pump in Hutton, Scottish
Borders, another identical one at Coton, Cambs, and another at Denchworth,
Oxon. Also at Knowl Green, near Belchamp St. Paul, Essex; Gweek, Cornwall;
Shipdham, Norfolk; Leaton, Shrops; Long Melford, Suffolk; and Broadwindsor,
Dorset. The pump at Broadwindsor also displays multiple part numbers - Y100,
Y100D, Y101 and Y103.
One at Huntley, Glos, carries "H J GODWIN LTD QUENINGTON GLOS ENGLAND".
A flywheel pump at West Wratting carries the name on its counterweight.
The company was founded in the late 19th Century and is now international, Godwins UK being a division of Godwin Pumps of America, Inc. Their founder was William Joynes Godwin, a Quenington mason/builder who established a business providing water-pumping equipment. His son, Harold Joynes Godwin, inherited the business and developed it into providing windmills and deep well water pumps, subsequently taking out a number of patents.
One with the words "H J GODWIN LTD QUENINGTON GLOS ENGLAND" has turned up at Abbotts Ann, Herts, which looks very much like the scant remains of a windmill pump.
And the pump at Haslingfield, Cambs, is clearly a Godwin's model, with "Y103" on the spout, but with no maker's name present.
"GOMY GARNIER CHATEAUNEUF LOIRE" seen on a chain pump at the Groes Inn, Ty'n-y-Groes, Conwy. The company was founded in 1873 and produced a range of pumps of which their chain pumps, termed chapelet (=rosary) pumps, were apparently the most common in the Pithiverais region of France.
|Found on pumps in Pakenham and Stuston, Suffolk. John J. Gosling had a business in Ipswich producing stationary engines and deep well pumps. Latterly, there was a firm going by the name of John D. Gosling & Co, General Water Engineers, at St. Johns Works, Ipswich, and today in Ipswich there exists a W. G. Gosling & Sons, Precision Engineers Ltd.|
|"J. GOURLEY DUNGANNON" seen on a pump in storage in Co.Antrim. John Gourley, plumber, found in 1877 and1880 Belfast / Ulster Street Directories.|
Grainger & Son
|"A GRAINGER & SON COMBER" seen on a pump at Dundonald, Co. Down, and "A. GRAINGER COMBER" found on a pump in Derrachrin, Co. Antrim. No further information.|
|"GREGORY FLAX BOURTON" seen on a pump at Huntspill, N. Soms. William John Gregory established an iron foundry at Kincott Mill in 1861, making farm implements, tools and pumps. The 1911 census records "Millwright, iron & brass founder, Kingcott Iron Works, Flux Bourton, nr Bristol."|
Foundry & Brass Works,
(also of Southampton St.,
|"...IMES ROTHERHAM" seen on a pump-like device at Ulwell, near Swanage, Dorset. The company was established by the Chrimes brothers in 1843, and it later became Chrimes, Neatby and Co. In 1847 it turned into Guest and Chrimes. By 1917 there were over 400 employees, rising to over 500 by 1961. More.|
Sons & Dyball,
30-42, St. George St., Norwich
|Seen on a pump at Swaffham Bulbeck, Cambs. The company traded as wholesale ironmongers, and I've found records dating from 1895. In 1912 their address was given as 34 & 36 St. Geoge St. and they were also described at "importers of horticultural glass". In 1942 their premises were recorded as being hit during an air raid.|
|HB||Seen on a very rusty pump in the Tidal Mill, at Carew, Pembs. Within the "B" are the probable numbers 6 and 5. Could this be Herbert Bale of Kidderminster? (See above.)|
|J. Hall &
|"J. HALL & SONS BRISTOL" and a number "1461" seen on the cap of a Colonial style pump at Manston, Dorset. So far, I've not been able to identify the company.|
|Hall & Son,
|A very indistinct "HALL & SON", a clear "HAMMET STREET", and an indecipherable further word seen on the cap of a pump in Woodleigh, Devon. The pump also carries a fouled anchor symbol, which is found on pumps of very similar design, but without the manufacturer's name, in Kimmeridge, Dorset, and East Cowes, Downend and Shorwell, Isle of Wight. The design of these pumps seems to be very similar to MacFarlane No.1 models.|
|J. & F. Hall Ltd,
|Found on a pump on the Cowleigh Rd, just outside Malvern, Worcs; on two pumps in Clevelode, Worcs; one in Callow End, Worcs; and another in Wichenford, Worcs. J & F Hall was a well-known Worcester "ironmongers, iron merchants, and iron founders", whose 16th Century timber-framed premises at the junction of The Shambles and Church St were demolished in the 1960s, to be replaced by a hideous monstrosity.|
|On a pump at Slindon and at Chichester, W. Sussex. According to an 1851 Post Office Directory for Chichester, Halsted & Sons were "ironmongers, iron & brass founders, plumbers, smiths &c. East St". In 1867 they were mentioned in Kelly's Directory as "Halsted & Sons, furnishing ironmongers, East street", and in 1909 as Halstead [sic] & Sons, ironmongers, 81 & 82 East St & East Pallant. They were established in the 1840s, and there's a document which records that in 1841, Charles Halsted, ironmonger, plumber and glazier of Chichester took out a "LEASE for 21 years of a dwelling house and shop on the south side of the East Street, partly in the parish of St. Peter the Great otherwise the Subdeanery and partly in the parish of All Saints otherwise the Pallant, in the city of Chichester". But the ironmongery connection might go back further than this: it's reported that "The first Goodwood winner, at the meet organised by the local Charlton Hunt and the Sussex Militia, was a black mare owned by local ironmonger Mr Halsted" - and that seems to have been in 1801/1802. The business started to decline in the 1930s, eventually closing down in 1936, on the death of the last remaining sons. More on the Sussex Industrial History Archive's website (large .pdf file).|
5, High St.,
|"W D HANNA LURGAN" seen on a pump in storage in Co. Antrim, and in a private collection in Ballycowan, Co.Down. Possibly also one in Belfast. W. D. Hanna was trading at 5 High St., Lurgan, in August 1923, but according to the Belfast Gazette in November 1933 William David Hanna was declared bankrupt. A plumbing firm by the name of Hanna Bros currently trades at 95, Union St, Lurgan.|
|"T. HAUGHEY BANBRIDGE" Seen on pumps at Ballynahinch, Co.Down, and Lisburn. A 1910 Banbridge directory lists "Haughey, T., plumber and gasfitter, Bridge street".|
|Hattersley & Davidson,
139, Norfolk St.,
|Seen on a pump at Pilsley, Derbs, where it had been removed from an old Edwardian house. The company was apparently established in 1888, and became well known for its footpumps - research continues.|
Tyler and Co,
90&92, Upper Whitecross St,
Tyler and Co, London" seen on flywheel and crank pumps at Reepham, Norfolk, and
in Durham.The company was established in 1815 and is still in existence, having
its head office in Luton.
"Hayward Tyler & Co, Engineers, London" seen on a pump at Findon, W. Sussex, and
"Hayward-Tyler & Co Ltd Engineers London" on pumps at Lidgate, Suffolk; Belchamp Otten, Little Waltham and Little Hallingbury, Essex; and Redbourn, Herts.
See also Joseph Bramah, above.
|"Headly & Manning, Engineers, 1853, Cambridge" seen on a pump in Cambridge & County Folk Museum. James Ind Headly and Edward Ind Headly set up the Eagle Foundry at Market Hill, Cambridge, in 1843, soon to move to Mill Rd. In 1852 the partnership was dissolved and James Headly went into business with John Manning, trading at the Eagle Foundry as Headly & Manning. The business continued under this name until James retired in 1887. In the meantime, Edward Headly had set up as an ironmonger and ironfounder in Corn Exchange Street, and in 1885 he and his son, Laurence, established the Exchange Ironworks at 341 Newmarket Road. At some stage, ca 1900 perhaps, Laurence Headly went into partnership with Arthur Edwards, trading as Headly & Edwards. The company ceased trading in the 1920s.|
Heathman & Co,
|This company advertised pumps, including a gardener's barrow pump, ladders, fire escapes and fire fighting equipment from at least 1874. In 1894 they displayed a Telescopic Ladder Tower at the Royal Agricultural Society's Show. In later years, 1910-1922, their adverts carried the address Parson's Green, London. Their pumps seem mainly to be Joseph Evans models, but some carried a rose trademark, very simialr to the unidentified model seen at Kent's Bank, Cumbria, and one or two other locations (see below).|
|Hedges Foundry, located on the banks of the River Pang, was established in the 18th century, taken over by the Whatley brothers in 1947, and continued in business until about 1960. Some evidence suggests that Hedges produced and installed at least some of the turnpike pumps along the Old Bath Road - the A4 - but conflicting evidence also points towards Fowlers, see above.|
|Seen on a pump in Great Barrington, Glos. William Hemming of Burford was in business from 1840, advertising himself as "Engineer and Ironmonger, Pumps and Water works of every description". He supplied a wide range of pumping machinery across Gloucestershire and Oxfordshire. The 3rd image down was found on the back of a pump in Holwell, Oxon, a village very close to Burford.|
|"HERRING & SON CHERTSEY" seen (a) on a cast iron pump trough in Chobham, Surrey, and (b) a pump at Folkingham, Lincs. The company was established about 1815 at Gogmore Lane, Chertsey, establishing a good reputation both in the UK and abroad, and closed down in 1982.||a.
M. Hesford & Co Ltd,
| "C M
HESFORD & CO LTD ORMSKIRK" seen on a pump offered for sale on ebay. The
company was established on Market Row, Ormskirk, by Charles Martin, and
originally specialised in agricultural engineering. An advertisement of 1914
quoted "Agricultural Engineers, Farmers' Implement and Machinery dealers.
Specialities: Farmers' Requisites, Cycles and Hardware". The company moved
location in 1978 and became a retail concern in 1983, under William Martin, the
grandson of the founder.
|"HILL" and "1831" seen on a cast iron-clad pump in Hartfield, E. Sussex. George Hill, plumber, is listed in an 1851 Hartfield trade directory, and Kelly's 1867 Directory lists George Hill of Hartfield, "plumber, painter, glazier & farmer". He was probably b. 1801. It is highly probable that he installed the pump, but unlikely that he would have produced the castings.|
|"T. B. HODGSON HOVINGHAM" seen on a lead pump at Scackleton, N. Yorks. The name Thomas Hodgson, plumber, was found in a trade directory for 1890, but no further information.|
13, Chapel Hill,
|"E. HOEY PLUMBER LEWES" seen on a pump advertised for sale on eBay, which is identical to one at Glynde, Sussex, and almost identical to one at Beddingham, Sussex. Edward Hoey was described as a Journeyman Plumber in the 1881 Census for South Malling, Lewes, but by the time of the 1891 and 1901 Censuses he had advanced to the rank of Plumber. George and Edward Hoey's plumbing business at 13, Chapel Hill, was still in existence in 1951.|
Holman & Sons
St. Just and
Market Jew Street, Penzance.
|"Holman & Sons, Penzance" seen on a pump at Trequite, near St. Kew, Cornwall. Nicholas Holman (1777- 1862) formed a company with his four sons in 1801. They expanded into Penzance in 1840, became a limited company in 1894, and in 1911 they were recorded as being mining, shipping and general engineers specialising in Cornish ranges, mitre machines, engines and boilers for mines, mine castings and general mining material. Holman Brothers was employing 2,500 staff by 1961, and also operated as N. Holman & Sons (Ship Repairers) Ltd., but it looks like the company was finally wound up in 2011.|
|Reportedly the manufacturer of a pump in Downton, Shrops.|
|Seen on a lead pump at Holbeton, Devon.|
|"W. HOUSTON OMAGH" found on a pump in Limavady, Co. Londonderry, and at the Ulster American Folk Park, Omagh. A advert from the 1870s gives their address as Georges St.|
|Hughes & Gotto,
97 Queen Victoria St.,
|"HUGHES & GOTTO ENGINEERS LONDON" seen on a flywheel & crank pump at Abinger Common, Surrey. They were described as Water Supply Engineers and "Specialists for Hydraulic Rams & Automatic Controlling Apparatus" in an undated advertisement, and also featured in an 1895 advertisement. No further information.|
|B. Hume||Seen on a pump in Chorley, Shrops.|
|Found on a pump in Stocklinch, Soms and reportedly also on one in Ilton, Soms. Hutchings and Sons were apparently an old established plumbing firm in the Ilminster area which ceased trading in about the 1990s.|
Ironfounders & Millwrights, Commercial Rd,
|Seen on a pump offered for sale on ebay. Frederick Huxham (d.1859), the son of ironfounder William Huxham (d. 1839), was recorded as an ironfounder, engineer and stove manufacturer in Exeter. By 1846 Huxham & Brown's was established as ironfounders and smiths, with their works in Commercial Road. In 1883 they advertised themselves as "Tanners' engineers", making machinery for the leather trade, a description which they continued to use until 1910. In 1930 they were acquired by J. L. Thomas & Co, Ltd.|
Ironfounders & Agricultural Engineers,
|"HUXTABLE HONITON" seen on a trough under an unmarked pump at Hawkchurch, Devon. W. Huxtable is listed as ironfounders and agricultural engineers of High St, Honiton, and Fairmile in the late 1800s|
|Ideal||Seen on a pitcher pump at Charlestown, Cornwall, and on a stopcock fitted to a lift & force pump in Coleshill, Oxon. No further info, other than the fact there's a company called Ideal Boilers based in Hull, established in 1906.|
numerous pumps in Essex carrying the name "G. INGOLD" - e.g., at Chrishall (5
pumps), Sheering (4), Matching (2), Great Canfield, Ridgewell, Widdington,
Hadstock, Thaxted, Little Hallingbury, Brewer's End, Takeley, and probably also
at Jasper's Green. There's a clutch of them at Pampisford, Cambs, and others in
Owlswick, Bucks, and Churton, Cheshire. The very distinctive spout carried by
some Ingold models also points towards pumps at Braughing, Herts, and Epping
Green, Essex, being made by Ingold's.
G. Ingold, Pump Makers and Well Sinkers, had their workshop in Apton Road in Bishop's Stortford. The business was started by John Ingold of Rye St, Bishop's Stortford, in 1851, and upon his death in 1899 it was carried on by his son, George. Pumps with the name "J. INGOLD" are rare indeed, but one's now been found at Little Dunmow, Essex.
|H. Inston.||Said to be
on a pump at Mutton Hall, Redditch. The word "INSTON" also appears on a pump in
St. Martin, Guernsey.
A pump offered for sale online carried the words "INSTON KIDDER", and there are examples marked "J. THOMAS LATE INSTON. KIDDR" at Kyre and Sytchampton, Worcs.
An 1818 Trade Directory lists William Inston, Pump Mkr, Lichfield St, Birmingham.
|Jackson, Brown & Hudson,
|See "Lion Foundry", below.|
Jamison & Son,
|Reported on pumps at Ballycastle, Loughguile, Derrykeighan and Armoy, Co. Antrim,. R. Jamison was a plumber in Ballymoney High St in the early 1900s.|
James & Sons,
|"W. JAMES & SONS CARDIGAN" found on a Joseph Evans pump (Lion trademark) at Crymych, Pembs. William James traded from his home and business premises at 14 & 15 High St., Cardigan, until Oct 1887, when he moved to Gwalia House, in the same town. William died the following year, but the business was carrried on by his widow and sons. They expanded the business to become William James & Sons, Gwalia Garage. The military authorities took over the house in 1939, in 1952 the premises were bought by F. W. Woolworths, who re-built on the site in 1978.|
Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.,
|Current producers of a range of pumps, one of
which is their "Big Nostalgic", recognisable by a frog embellishment on the
spout, and also offered for sale by Kovoplast, of the Czech Republic. Jiangyang
pumps carry the model numbers BSA-75, BSB-75, BSC-75, BSD, BSF, BSL, BSK, BSM
See also "HP75", under Unknowns, below.
||A company in Germany which specialises in creative play equipment, and who have supplied a modern water pump to Durley Chine paddling pool, Bournemouth.|
on a lead pump offered for sale on the Internet.
Charles Keeley advertised himself as "New and Secondhand Furnisher, Plumber and Decorator" and traded in the Old Market Place, Harleston, Norfolk.
St. Canice's Place,
|"KELLY AND SON ENGINEERS KILKENNY" seen on a pump in Londonderry. This is probably James Kelly, whose business is listed in 1884 as an Agricultural Implement Manufactory in St Canice's Place, Kilkenny. Elsewhere it is described in 1884 as being in St Canice's Place, site unknown.|
167, Holdenhurst Rd
|"... HOLDENHURST ROAD KENNEDY'S
BOURNEMOUTH LTD BOURNEMOUTH" seen on a label
attached to a Lee Howl pump at Winterborne Stickland, Dorset.
[The missing digits before HOLDENHURST ROAD will almost
certainly be 167 - the address of their headquarters.]
Kennedy's were builders' merchants & plumbers who occupied various properties in Bournemouth. By 1920 they were at 45, 47 & 49 Holdenhurst Rd, and in 1930 they added newly-built premises at 167 Holdenhurst Rd, which became their showrooms and head office. They had a number of other depots in Andover, Boscombe, Branksome, New Milton, Poole, Southampton, Taunton and Winton. They were taken over by Travis Perkins in the late 1980s.
"THOMAS KERR PORTADOWN" seen on a pump in Derrylee, near Maghery, Co. Armagh. He is listed in various 1910 trade directories as a plumber, or as a plumber, sanitary and heating engineer.
|"J & W
KILLON CHESTER" seen on a pump at Preston-on-the-Hill, Halton, and "J & W
KILLON 1874 CHESTER" on one at Waverton, Cheshire. The name J. Killon & Co,
pumpmakers and wellsinkers of 30 or 31 Egerton St., Chester, appears in 1864
and 1902 trade directories. Elsewhere a late "William Killon, pumpmaker" is
|"W.KINSMAN LANSON" seen on a lead pump in Launceston museum. (Lanson is an old form of Launceston.) In 1891 a William Kinsman was a plumber's apprentice in South Petherwin - very near Launceston - and another of his pumps can still be found at South Petherwin, with information to confirm that it was installed there in 1898.|
Knapp & Co,
Thames Valley Iron Works,
"KNAPP & CO FARINGDON" and "NO1" seen on a pump at a reclamation yard at Croughton, Northants. L. R. Knapp & Co, agricultural implement makers, was established as a company by Leonard Randolph Knapp (b. 1848) in about 1880, although the family had been in business before this time. By 1890 they had acquired a foundry, later to be known as the Thames Valley Ironworks. In 1894 they exhibited at the Royal Agricultural Society's Show. The foundry continued in operation until about 1960, by which time small-scale cast-iron production had become uneconomical, but the company continued producing agricultural equipment until the mid-1960s. Production had ceased by 1968.
Knox & Sons,
"W. J. KNOX & SONS LISBURN" seen very indistinctly on a pump in Armoy, Co. Antrim. "W. J. KNOX & SONS LISBURN" and "R. KNOX LISBURN" seen on pumps offered for sale in Dromore, Co. Down. No information has been found on R. Knox, but Messrs W. J. Knox & Sons, Railway Street, Lisburn, were established in about 1850. William John Knox himself died in 1878, but the firm continued until about 1970, being recorded as having installed the plumbing, electric and gas fittings in Lisburn Central Primary School in 1934.
Kovoplast Company of the Czech
Republic currently make a number of pumps, including one marked NP75, and
others marked STANDARD T or STANDARD II. Their older pumps also seem to have
included a trident trademark, but this seems nowadays to be reserved solely for
the Sigma group - see below. Just to confuse things even further, the company
seems to produce (or distribute?) a so-called "Big Nostalgic" pump apparently
identical to that made by the Jiangyan Fashion Machinery Manufacturing Co.,
Ltd., China (see above). There's some evidence to suggest that their pump
handles can carry a discrete "C" marking.
There's an NP75 pump at Whitchurch Hill, Oxon, and an NP75T pump at Sywell Country Park, Ecton, Northants.
See also "HP75", under Unknowns, below.
|"S LACEY[?] PLUMBER WYCOMBE 18.." seen on a lead pump on the Hughenden Estate, High Wycombe. The only tenuous candidate might be Samuel Lacey, b. High Wycombe and listed as a plumber in the 1861 and 1871 censuses.|
|Chas Lack & Sons Ltd,
|Seen on pumps in Bassingbourn, Little Shelford and Whittlesford, Cambs; and (until the sign was lost) at Hadstock, Essex. Charles Lack and Sons were agricultural engineers (pumps, boilers, etc) and well-sinkers. They were in business from about 1875 to no later than 1978. They produced a unique design of flywheel pump, using a weighted chain arrangement, found at Hadstock, Clavering and Elmdon, Essex; and West Wratting, Cambs.|
|A pump near Horncliffe, Northumberland, carries the name "LAMB BERWICK". A David Alexander Lamb traded as a plumber and glazier in Berwick upon Tweed in the mid-1800s. Later the company was known as David A. Lamb & Son, 13 Woolmarket, and by 1908 the business had been taken on by the son, George Manners Lamb.|
Bros. (Walsall) Ltd,
|"LAMBERT BROS WALSALL" seen on a pump at Zennor, Cornwall. Walsall was a centre of wrought-iron gas-tube production in about 1830, employing about 1,500 workers by the mid-1860s, and also making tubular products such as chandeliers and bedsteads. The first firm to be established was Edward and William Dixon, who in about 1834 moved to premises in Ablewell St, which by 1860 were known as the Alpha Tube Works. After several changes in the partnership, by 1868 the firm was trading as Lambert Bros. In 1910, they moved to Green Lane, retaining the name Alpha Tube Works, and in about 1911 changed their name to Lambert Bros. (Walsall) Ltd. By 1930 the Green Lane works produced wrought-iron and mild steel tubes, cast-iron cocks, valves, lamp columns, and manhole covers. I've found various adverts for the company, but none mentioning pumps. They also had a London address: Lamberts Ltd. 55 Southwark Street, S. E.|
Brass & Iron
91 & 93 Southwark St London SE
|They were advertising in 1901. No further information at present.|
|A plaque (now lost) reading "G.LE FEUVRE IRON FOUNDER JERSEY 1862" was once on a pump on Mont Les Vaux, St. Aubin, in the parish of St. Brelade, Jersey. (Fittingly, Le Feuvre = The Smith.)|
Grand & Sutcliff,
|Found on a
pump at Langport, Soms, dated 1878. They were established in 1872 at 100
Bunhill Row, London, became a private company in 1920 and a public company in
1948. In 1961 they are recorded as "Civil engineers, well drillers, undertaking
manufacture of specialised equipment for oil industry, such as pumping units,
casing heads and other well head equipment". In 1889
an advertisement showed that they also had a
Westminster branch at 7, Great Queen St., SW. Latterly known at Le Grand,
Sutcliff & Gell. Further information from
wellmasters.co.uk has revealed that
Le Grand & Sutcliffe were well known well diggers operating on the south
coast, installing wells (brick lined and mainly large scale - 1 metre plus)
from Brighton to Devon.
A pitcher pump in Dymchurch, E. Sussex, has the words "LEGRANDES" and "LONDON" around the rim, and possibly some other letters which are hidden from view.
|Reported on a pump in Wymeswold, Leics. Good name for a plumber!|
|Lee, Howl & Co.
|Lee, Howl, Ward & Howl was established in
Tipton, Staffs, in 1880, and from this emerged in 1887 the firm of Lee, Howl
& Co. Examples are commonly found all over the country, second only in
number to Joseph Evans pumps. There is a persistent rumour that back in the
early days Joseph Evans's chief designer apparently defected to Lee Howl, and
from this time onwards some of their pumps bore a striking similarity to those
of Joseph Evans. An article in "Old Glory" magazine of March 1994 provided
confirmation that Lee Howl pumps carried a flag trademark (to copy the lion
would have added insult to injury). Click on this link
to check out other ways of telling the two makes apart.
(See also the entry for Paragon, below.)
There's a Lee Howl chain pump at a farm near Leigh, Dorset.
Lemon & Son,
33, East Bridge St,
|"JOHN LEMON & SON ENNISKILLEN" seen on a pump at Derrygonnelly, Co. Fermanagh. References have been found to their being "General Ironmongers, Timber Merchants, Plumbers, Bellhangers and Gas". They were referred to as shipping agents in 1871 and had a quay at the back of their premises. They were certainly still trading in 1915.|
|"LEWIS LANSON" seen on a pump in Pipers Pool, Cornwall, and also on one offered for sale over the internet in 2003. "Lewis Launceston" pump offered for sale over the internet in Oct 2012.|
Linenhall St/Bridge St Ballymena
|"W. LIGGET BALLYMENA" seen on a highly corroded pump at the Ulster Folk & Transport Museum, Holywood, Co. Down, and also on a pump at Ardnaglass, Co. Antrim. William Ligget advertised himself in the Ballymena newspapers as a "Plumber, Bell-hanger and Gas Fitter, Copper and Tin Worker and Lead Merchant". His name first appears in 1855; by 1859 he was working from Linenhall St, and by 1876 had moved to 16 Bridge St, Ballymena. He advertised regularly until at least 1884, but by 1889 he described himself as a "Lead and Metal Merchant" of Bridge St. It is likely that he died in 1890.|
Lines & Sons,
2, Lode Lane,
|"G. LINES & SONS ENGINEERS SOLIHULL"
reported on a pump purchased from an architectural salvage company and
"G. LINES PUMP MAKER SOLIHULL" or "G. LINES AND SONS PUMPMAKERS SOLIHULL" also seen on Joseph Evans pumps at Ladbroke, Lowsonford, Pinley Green and Norton Lindsey, all in Warks.
"Messrs. G. Lines & Sons of Solihull, plumbers and well engineers" were mentioned in a 1937 document, and a number of times in 1965/66 as being at 2, Lode Lane, Solihull.
And thanks to Tracey for sending us (2021) a photograph of a plaque in pristine condition, carrying the words: "G.LINES & SON PUMP MAKERS SOLIHULL"
on pumps in Ayr, South Ayrshire; and Covington, South Lanarkshire. Also without
any markings at Auldgirth, Dumfries & Galloway; and Limekilns, Fife. This
famous ironwork company was initially established in 1880 by the firm Jackson,
Brown & Hudson, in direct competition with Macfarlane's (see below). A
detailed history and record of their products can be found at
Their No1 pump was featured in their catalogues from 1881 to 1945, and apparently this was the only model they made.
|Llewellins & James,
|(a) Name present on pumps at Alveston, Olveston and
Oldbury-on-Severn, S.Glos; Ham, Glos; Ilminster and Rode, Soms; Mapleton,
N.Soms; Little Petherick, Cornwall.
(b) Seen on pumps at Tintinhull House, Soms; High Littleton, Bath & NE Soms; Porthpean, Cornwall; Thurloxton, Soms, and (highly corroded) at Upper Castle Coombe and Colerne, Wilts.
(c) Seen on examples at Burnett and Chew Magna, Bath & NE Soms.
Also noted stamped on the brass spout of a lead pump in St. Martin, Guernsey.
Although it's corroded, a pump in St. Peter parish, Jersey, seems to have the name spelled "LEWELLEN & JAMES"
Llewellins & James were well-known bell founders, but were also described as being "brewery engineers" and makers of "philosophical instruments" - i.e., mathematical.
Some advertising literature from about 1860-1870 gives their address as Castle Green, Bristol, and offers lifting pumps, ship or rum pumps, jack pumps (subsequently discovered that this is another term for a lift & force pump), garden engines, copper brewers' pumps, etc.
|"LOCK TOPSHAM" found on a pump in Topsham, Devon.|
& Walne Ltd,
|Lott & Walne were described as engineers, ironfounders and agricultural implement manufacturers. They traded at least over the period 1899-1955, and a building carrying their name is still standing in Dorchester. A 1909 catalogue lists their liquid manure and water carts with detachable pumps, including a "Strong 4in improved type detachable lift pump" at £3-0-0, and a "Strong 4in detachable lift and force pump" at £5-0-0. Their name appears on pumps in (a.) Piddlehinton and (b.) Melcombe Bingham, Dorset.||a.
Lowden & Co,
|Seen on a cowtail pump in Hilltown, Co. Down; at Mount Stewart, Co. Down; at Loughries, Co. Down; and on a pump offered for sale via the internet. No further information.|
Plumber & ironmonger,
|"R. F. LUXTON" seen stamped on the lead cap of a pump in Pyworthy, Devon. A Russel Frederick Luxton , b. 1908, is listed as a plumber & ironmonger in Holsworthy in 1939.|
|Walter MacFarlane & Co.,
|MacFarlane's was by the 1890s the biggest manufacturer of sanitary
& architectural ironwork in Britain - possibly even in the world. They were
famed for their ornate fountains, which they sold as far afield as Australia -
and for a detailed history of the company and record of their products see the
Scottish Ironworks website. Only a
very few of their basic village pumps seem to have survived, two of which are
on the Isle of Bute, one at Field Broughton, Cumbs, and for some reason there's
one at the Bovey Tracey Pottery Museum, in Devon. Examples bearing all the
hallmarks of a MacFarlane village pump (but no ident) are at Fairlie, N. Ayrs;
Carmunnock, Glasgow; and near New Abbey, Dumf & Gall, and there's also a
splendid municipal pump in Caistor, Lincs.
Marcus Simms has noticed that the pumps at East Cowes and Shorwell, Isle of Wight, are essentially identical to a MacFarlane's No. 1 pump, but with the addition of an emblem comprising a fouled (rope-entwined) anchor - see under "Unknown" below. It's possible that they might have been produced by MacFarlanes under an Admiralty contract. (The company also provided the municipal fountain in Cowes.)
|Makers of a pump at the junction of Delf St/King St/Market St, in Sandwich, Kent. Melville's 1858 Directory of Kent lists them as "millwrights, smiths, ironmongers, etc., Delf street".|
32, Ann St,
|"MAGEE & CO BELFAST." seen on pumps at Myra Castle, Strangford; Spring Hill (NT) at Moneymore, Magherafelt, Co.Antrim, and the Ulster Folk & Transport Museum, Holywood, Co. Down. Another one in Kilbarchan, Renfrewshire, is a slightly different model, unmarked, but clearly from the same manufacturer. Magee & Co., plumbers, gas fitters and lead merchants appear in 1861 and 1868 Belfast street directories, with the Magee residence being included as Cluan Cottage, Ballymacarrett.|
Kenney Iron Works,
|"E. MARGRETT READING" seen on two, possibly three, pumps in Hambleden, Bucks. Edward Margrett was listed as an ironmonger in Reading at least as early as 1871. In 1882 he exhibited at a Royal Agricultural Show a pump he had made in connection with Norton's Tube Wells. His address was given as 1 King St, Reading, and his works - Kennet Iron Works - were at King's Rd., Reading. In 1882 he described himself as "Artesian Well Borer, manufacturer of all kinds of Heating Apparatus, Fencing and Wrought Iron Work". His advertisement offered Norton's Patent Tube Wells and every description of Pumps for Hand, Horse or Steam Power". In 1892 he described himself as a hydraulic and sanitary engineer, and is recorded as having established many boreholes and artesian wells all over Berkshire. He seems to have retired by 1901, but continued to advise the company of Margrett & Allsebrook of High Bridge Works, Duke St, Reading. He died aged 73 in 1914,|
|"1999 MARIC FABS" found on a pump at Stoke Prior, Herefs. Maric Fabrications is a company in Kidderminster, and the pump has the look of a modern replica.|
|Martin||"MARTIN" and "FOREIGN" seen on a pump in Hellingly, E. Sussex.|
|Seen on a flywheel & crank pump at Newnham, Herts.|
|Matterson, Huxley & Watson Ltd,
|Catalogue found at the Ulster Folk and Transport Museum library by Alison Muir - thanks, Alison. The company also had a London office and showroom at 57/60, Holborn Viaduct, EC1. Elsewhere they appear listed as a private company in 1890, and in 1912 appear as "Iron, Brass and Aluminium Founders and suppliers of Castings for Motors". By 1961 they are "Ironmongers and structural engineers specialising in agricultural machinery, hardware and tools". Among a small range of pumps they advertised their "Matto" Double Acting Plunger Pump, one of which still exists in private hands at Cupar, Fife. Their Lion trademark does look very similar to that of Joseph Evans, but there's no obvious link between the two companies.|
|Reported on a cowtail pump at Knocknadona, near Lisburn, Co. Antrim. So far we've not been able to find out anything more about this firm.|
10, Church St.,
|Name seen on a pump at Capecastle, near Ballycastle, Co. Antrim; and near Milford, Co. Armagh. John McCandless Ltd, Plumber, Gasfitter & Ironmonger of Coleraine, were at one time at 10 Church Street, and there is still a John McCandless plumbing supply company in Coleraine, although at a different address.|
|"McCANN RP OMAGH" seen on a pump at the Ulster American Folk Park, Omagh. No further information found. (RP = Registered Plumber.)|
|"T. McCLEAVE HOLYWOOD" seen on a pump at Seapark, Holywood. No historical information found but there is a still a company by the name of T. McCleave operating from an address in Holywood.|
|"H. H. McERLEAN M_FELT" seen on pumps in Clady, Curran and Draperstown, Co. Londonderry, and a 1958 newspaper advertisement shows the company as Plumbers, Sanitary & Heating Engineers at Queen St., Magherafelt. Name seen as "H. H. MCEARLEAN KNOCKLOUGHRIM" at Cloagh, Co. Londonderry and also on a pump on display at a garden centre in Weston, Lincs.|
|"A. McKENZIE LISBURN" seen on a pump at Carricknadarriff, near Annahilt, Co. Down, and also on a pump in storage in Co. Antrim. Ulster trade directories for 1877 and 1880 record Alex McKenzie, gas fitter and plumber, Castle Street. By 1901 and 1907 the entry is "McKenzie, Mrs., gas fitter & plumber, Castle Street".|
McManus & Sons,
|Seen on Belfast pattern pumps at Lisburn and Baileysmill, Co. Down; Bushmills, Co. Antrim; and almost certainly at Magheramorne, near Larne, Co. Antrim. This company has been in existence since the late 1800s and is still trading as McManus Hardware, 1-3, Main St., Randalstown.|
McManus & Sons,
|Name seen on a probable Chinese replica Irish cowtail pump at a country show. See also Rankin, John McNiece and Tianjin Shirun International Trade Co., Ltd., below.|
53, Mill St,
McNIECE BALLYMENA" seen on a pump in Broughshanen, Co.Amtrim; also "[...]
McNIECE BALLYMENA" on a pump at Derrytrusk, C'Tyrone.
"McNiece, Ballymena" reported on a pump in Burlington, Ontario, which in 1902 was on a farm near Ballymena. This is good evidence that it's an original, and not a Chinese copy. The 1907 and 1910 Belfast/Ulster Street Directories list "McNeice, John, cycle agent, registered plumber and sanitary engineer, Factor of Close Ranges, Tiled Grates, etc., 53 Mill Street".
MEREDITH" seen on a pump at the Rose & Crown, Redmarley, Glos. "MEREDITH
MALVERN" seen on a pump near Mathon, Herefs, and also on one offered for sale
on the internet. At Castlemorton, Worcs, a pump carries the marking "MEREDITH
& SON MALVERN".
The London Gazette of 18 July 1876 gives notice that under the Bankruptcy Act a meeting was to be held with the creditors of Thomas Meredith, pump maker of Newtown, in the parish of Great Malvern.
Montrose St., Wolverhampton.
(In 1884 became James Meynell & Son, Little's Lane, Wolverhampton.)
of Lift and Force Pumps. See:
|Seen on a pump in Coleshill, Oxon, with a possible obscured date of "188x". Can't find out anything about this company yet, although there was a Westminster Foundry.|
42, West St.,
R.R. & H. Miles
|"R.R.MILES" and "LEOMINSTER" found on a pump at Bircher, Herefs.
"R.R.& W.MILES" and "LEOMINSTER" seen on a pump at Newborough, Staffs. "H.
MILES" and "LEOMINSTER" seen on a pump in St. Michael's,
Littlebury's Directory and Gazetteer of Herefordshire, 1876-7, has the following entry: MILES RICHARD REES, general brass and iron founder, millwright, machinist, engineer, and maker and dealer in agricultural implements, Leominster foundry, 42 West Street (see advertisement page 9).
Kelly's Directory of Herefordshire, 1879, includes: Miles Rd. Rees, millwright, Leominster foundry, 42 West Street
I've been told by a descendant of Richard (thanks, Catherine) that he had a foundry in Leominster from 1861 with his brother William. Later his son, Henry, took it over before it was sold to an electricity company at the start of the 20th century.
|Reported on pumps at Portadown and Dromore, Co. Down. Also on one near Birches, Co. Tyrone. Messrs. James Moore and Sons, Millfield Foundry, Belfast, are listed in Belfast street directories from 1877; in 1901 they appear as "Moore, Jas., & Sons Ltd., Millfield Foundry and engineering works, 102 to 116 Millfield"; but in 1907 & 1910 the entries read "Millfield Foundry (Successors to Jas. Moore & Sons Ltd.), Foundry and Engineering Works, 102 to 116 Millfield".|
|"J. MISKELLY NEWTONARDS " [sic] seen on a pump at Mount Stewart, Newtownards, Co. Down. No further information, but there is still an O. Miskelly trading as a plumber in Newtownards.|
|"[J?] MITCHELL PLUMBER" seen on a lead pump dated 1766 at the Priest's House Museum, Wimborne Minster. The will of a John Mitchell, plumber, of Wimborne Minster was lodged in 1817.|
|Label seen on a modern pump at Kew Steam Musuem.|
Culvert St Iron Works,
|"Engineer, Iron and Brass Founder and Boilermaker", who made deep well pumps. Found in an old catalogue.|
|"MUNFORD SOUTH PETHERTON" seen on a pump at Stockland Bristol, Soms. There was a plumber by the name of Alfred Munford in South Petherton in the late 1800s, but we can find nothing further on the company yet.|
F.E.Myers & Bro Co,
347 Fourth St,
|"F.E.MYERS & BRO", "THE ASHLAND" and "ASHLAND O.U.S.A" see on a pump at Pencader, Carms. Brothers Francis and Philip Myers founded the company in 1870, initially making farm implements and then moved into pump making. They expanded into industrial pumps and sold up in 1960 to the McNeil Corp of Akron, Ohio. In 1986 Pentair Inc. of St. Paul, Minnesota, acquired them and they still trade as part of their water products group under the Myers name today.|
Hender & Co,
trademark "NH" can be found on semi-rotaries at Theescombe and Pinfarthings, in
the Nailsworth/Amberley area of Glos. One carries the inscription
"No1", and the other "No4", which commonly
on such pumps refer to the bore size. Another at Birdlip, Glos, is a
No6, and there's a further semi-rotary at Thwaite's Mill,
Stourton, W. Yorks. Mangerton Mill, in Dorset, has a No1 mounted on a tripod,
and there was a very small portable NH semi-rotary fitted to a monopod at a
Steam Fair in Cheltenham, Glos, in 2009.
Newman Hender & Co was formed in 1896, when Hender Stevenson & Co of Nailsworth merged with Newman & Co, of Woodchester. They became one of the UK's leading manufacturers of industrial valves, expanding significantly in the 1960s and 1970s, when they supplied valves for the North Sea oil and gas industry, and were the largest employer in the area. However, they were eventually bought out, and the site was closed in 1994. A very detailed company history can be found at http://www.gsia.org.uk/reprints/1994/gi199411.pdf.
A pump at the Weighbridge Inn, Nailsworth, carries the name "NEWMAN & Co".
|The words "L [?] NICHOLS MELTON PLUMBER" seen on a lead pump in Melton Carnegie Museum, Melton Mobray, Leics. No further information found.|
|Seen on a pump offered for sale on ebay, and very similar models (but without any trademarks) have been noted at Clearwell, Glos; Llanychaer, Pembs; Bransgore, Hants; Wangford and Darsham, Suffolk.|
|Seen on a large Joseph Evans pump in Bryncrug, Gwynedd, and is therefore likely to be the name of the installer. No history of the firm found, but Norton Hamar was born in Bishops Castle c.1877 and his son Eric was born in Towyn (as it was spelled then) in 1909.|
Ogle & Sons Ltd,
|"G. C. Ogle[...] Ripley, Derby" seen on a chain pump on a farm at Newhaven, Derbs. The company advertised themselves as manufacturers of rollers, harrows and drags, and also produced two-stroke petrol engines pre-/post-First World War. George Clarke Ogle (1826-1908). The company still trades today, as Hydraulics UK Ltd, Victoria Road, Ripley.|
|Ohio||This name found on a small barrel pump in Wouldham, Kent, with what might be a "4" just below it. There is an Ohio Pump Co in Salem, Ohio, USA - but no evidence of any link.|
|S. Owens & Co,
Hydraulic and General Engineers,
Whitefriars St, Fleet St,
|The company was previously known as Clinton and
Owens - see above.
"S. Owens & Co, Engineer, London" features on two pumps at Quainton, Bucks, one at East Challow, Oxon, examples at East End and Preston Candover, Herts, and one in Rye, E. Sussex. Another, near Warwick, reads "Owens & Co., Engineers, Whitefriars St., London". Another pump is reported in Horningsham, Wilts, to have the maker's name "Owen & Son, Engineers, London". Their catalogues show that they made an enormous range of "Pumps, Fire Engines, Garden Engines, Sluice Valves, Hydrants &c". There's a reference to Messrs. S. Owens & Co's engineering works at Arlesey, Beds, and to Owen's Pump Works closing there in 1925, but it's not clear whether this is the same company. The very impressive pumps at Hampton Court, Esher, Stalbridge, Cranfield, Brastead, Beverley, Ickenham and Ipplepen have now been confirmed to be made by Owens.
|Paragon||The name "PARAGON" has been noted on a small but growing number of
pumps dotted around the country. It is usually accompanied by typical Lee Howl
markings such as a flag - very similar but not identical to the traditional Lee
Howl flag - and their bold statement "All British Made". The image opposite
shows the name and flag very clearly on a
small lift pump in
Hertfordshire which has been renovated. Other locations include Borde Hill
Gardens, nr Haywards Heath, W. Sussex; Ferring, W. Sussex; Gluttons Bridge,
Derbs; and St. Piran's Well, Trethevy, near Tintagel, Cornwall. Furthermore
there's an old paraffin/petrol pump in Llanychaer, Pembs, at the heart of which
is "The Paragon No 4 Semi-Rotary Pump".
After much research, we've discovered Paragon pumps advertised within Lee Howl advertisements and catalogues; it seems that the company adopted this name at some latter stage, and was still using it in the late 1930s.
seen on pumps in Woodbridge and Pakenham, Suffolk; Weedon, Bucks; Myra Castle,
near Strangford, Co. Down; Milborne. St. Andrew and East Chaldon, Dorset; and
reportedly on one in Ardleigh, Essex. Four of the pumps also carry the words
"BRITISH MAKE", and they look identical to a Lee Howl model. A pitcher pump
offered for sale over the internet carried the words "PARRY PUMPS" around its
We haven't got to the bottom of this yet, but the Sheffield Daily Telegraph on 15 Mar 1918 reported a new company, William Parry Ltd, to take over the interests of W. Parry, carrying on business as a pump maker, iron & brass founder and engineer, under his own name and also as the Dronfield Engineering Co. Subsequently, on 17 Dec 1921, the Derbyshire Courier reported the "Failure of a Dronfield Company". The Dronfield Engineering Co. of 46 St. John's Rd., Whittington Moor, latterly known as William Parry & Co Ltd of Foundry St., Whittington Moor, was wound up on 17 Nov 1921, apparently due to "a slump in trade". This is a likely candidate for the pumps we've seen, but there remains another (less likely) contender. In February 1989 The London Gazette carried a notice that Parry Pumps Ltd, Valve Manufacturers of Walsall, was one of a number of companies that were to be wound up voluntarily.
|"T. PASKIN DUDLEY" reported on a pump at
Brewood, Staffs, and at Rowney Green, Worcs. A Thomas Paskin, pump maker,
appeared in the 1841 census for Sedgley (now in West Mids), and with an address
at Stone Pit Lane.
See also D. Williams, Dudley, below.
|"PATEL ENGINEERING CO (S) LTD" seen on a group of pumps offered for sale on Facebook. There are a number of Patel Engineering companies in India, but the most likely candidate is this one in Rajkot. According to their website the Patel Engineering Co was established as limited company in 1951, and initially they had started manufacturing hand pumps under the brand name "Mercury". The pumps advertised featured an unusual rack and pinion arrangement at their handle fulcrum. Not added to main section of the website, as they so far haven't appeared at any geographic location in the UK.|
PEARSON BEDALE" seen on lead pumps in Carthorpe and Thirn, N. Yorks, and it's
altogether likely that the wooden-boxed pump in Wycar is also by W. Pearson.
William Pearson, a whitesmith, moved to Bedale in about 1780. His business was continued by two of his sons, William and Jonathon, when he died in 1817. An 1840 trade directory shows the firm as being both whitesmiths and ironmongers. William died 1855 and Jonathon continued the business until 1862 when it was taken over by his son William. In 1901 William's eldest son, Joseph, took over the business, which continued until 1922, when the firm was transferred to J. R. Thompson. [Thanks to Bob Edwards, a descendant of William Pearson who lives in Australia, for this information.]
|"PETTER & EDGAR YEOVIL" seen on pumps in Tintinhull and East Coker, Soms. James Bazeley Petter had an ironmonger's business in Yeovil in 1865, and went into partnership with Henry F. Edgar a few years later to produce an expanded range of ironmongery, agricultural implements and machinery, including the "Nautilus" grate that was installed in Balmoral and Osborne House. Henry Edgar died in 1886, but Petter continued in business as James B. Petter & Sons (see below).|
Petter & Sons,
|"JAMES BY PETTER & SONS YEOVIL" seen on a pump at Leigh, Dorset; and "JAMES B PETTER & SONS YEOVIL" on one at Yetminster, Dorset. James Bazeley Petter (1846-1906) was the founder of James B. Petter & Sons, and in 1871 he was listed as an ironmonger in Yeovil employing 11 men and 10 boys. By 1872 he had acquired the Yeovil Foundry and Engineering Works and Henry F. Edgar became his partner (see Petter & Edgar, above) - but Henry died in an accident in 1886. In 1897 James B. Petter and Sons showed a combined oil engine and pump at the Royal Agricultural Show. In 1901 sons Ernest and Percy bought the business from him, and in 1902 they produced "the first agricultural tractor". In 1910 Petters Ltd was registered as a public company. In 1915 the company founded the Westland Aircraft Works, which in 1935 became Westland Aircraft. After this the mergers and name changes become far too complicated to follow (and, anyway, they had moved so far away from pump-making that I've lost interest). See http://www.yeovilhistory.info/petters%20ltd.htm|
|Phillips & Hopwood, Engine Makers.||Built the Exchange Pump, Cornhill, London. Samuel Phillips was making fire engines by 1760; in 1797 the firm became Phillips & Hopwood; in 1811 it was James Hopwood; by 1818 it was Hopwood & Tilley; by 1825 Tilley & Co; and around 1853 Shand, Mason & Co. Merryweather & Sons Ltd took them over in 1928.|
Phoenix Engineering Company Ltd,
|"PHOENIX CO LD CHARD" seen on a pump on Lindisfarne, Northumbs. "PHOENIX ENG CO LTD CHARD" seen elsewhere on a diaphragm pump, together with the words "THE FLOODGATE". The Smith Brothers established their Phoenix Iron Foundry in 1839, and in 1891 Edward Rusk bought them out to form the Phoenix Engineering Co. Ltd. The company had links with the Pulsometer Engineering Company and produced pumps under that brand name. Phoenix was reorganised in 1905 and subsequently expanded their product lines. (They also had a link with well-known pump-makers Llewellins & James of Bristol - see above.) The two World Wars saw them exporting - among other products - their pumps around the world. The original foundry closed in the 1960s and the manufacture of pumps ceased but the company concentrated on other product lines, and it continues to flourish today. More history. A book has been written by Derrick Warren on the history of the company - "The Phoenix Works, Chard" - published by the Somerset Industrial Archaeological Society, ISBN 978 0 9558742 1 5. See also "Smith, Chard", below.|
Pickering and Sons,
PICKERING & SONS DRIFFIELD" seen on a pump offered for sale over the
Internet, and there's probably the same wording on one in Christchurch, Dorset.
Evidence points to the company as being in existence from about 1864.
"T. PICKERING VICTORIA FOUNDRY DRIFFIELD" seen on pumps at Wetwang and Sledmere, E. Yorks.
A pump of the same design is also at Weaverthorpe, N. Yorks, and an incomplete one at Thwing, E. Yorks.
|"POMPES BRIAU" and a trademark "PB" seen on a pump for sale on eBay, and another at an architectural salvage centre. There's possibly one also at Durrington, W. Sussex. The company seems to have been in existence since 1854. A model PB40 has now been located in Shaw, Wilts; and another at Stockland Bristol, Soms.||
immigrant. Seen on a Model 33 pump in Shere, Surrey, and another in some
gardens opened to the public in Ferring, W. Sussex. A Model 34 was spotted in a
shop in Moira, Co. Down, and a Model 32 was offered for sale on French
Elsewhere, in France, a pump with a distinctive swan handle carried the wording "CORNEAU ALFRED A CHARLEVILLE, BRENELLES S-G-D-G FRANCE", and a roundel with the markings "No5 110 M/M".
various combinations of numbers seen on small pumps, including a semi-rotary,
offered for sale on eBay. The company is still in existence, and manufactures
hand pumps, including small lift pumps and semi-rotaries, designed to pump
acids, water, seawater, petrol, diesel fuel, oils and
|Nameplate seen on a pump in Topsham, Devon. White's Devonshire Directory of 1850 lists Wm. H. Pope under "Painters, Plumbers and Glaziers". (And the Universal British Directory of Trade, Commerce & Manufacture published c.1794 has a Simon Pope, plumber & glazier, listed as a resident of Topsham.)|
|Their name appears on a Bamford's pump in North Cheriton, Soms.|
|Pumps in South Petherwin and Tregeare, Cornwall, carry the name "PROCKTER LANSON". Lanson is an archaic version of the name Launceston and a William Prockter, ironmonger, traded in the town at least over the period 1851-1881.|
|A commemorative plaque records him (1814-94) as: "Undertaker, wooden pump maker, repairer of umbrellas, letter writer and clerk to the Selsey Sparrow Club".|
|Their trademark of a "P" within a hexagon can be seen on small pumps all over the UK. They can be bought new at garden centres, although some seem to be relatively old - we know of one which was bought over 40 years ago. Recent updates to the company's website explain that it was established in 1979, and it goes on to say that they set up worldwide contacts, including suppliers in Asia. In addition to this pump with their trademark on it, they supply a whole range of hand pumps that are rather more obviously Chinese in design - including a Chinese replica of a typical Irish "Belfast pattern" pump. It's still a mystery why just this one pump in theirs carries their "P" trademark (they didn't reply to my written query), or indeed why there are very similar ones currently advertised elsewhere with an "N" in the place of the "P". The pumps are popular and certainly work, although their catalogue warns that the pump isn't frost proof and should be drained of water in the winter. And we've noticed that their operating rods suffer from corrosion after a few years. See also the "N" logo used by the Chinese company Tianjin Shirun International Trade Co., Ltd on practically identical pumps, and the enigmatic "B" and "PW" pumps listed at the bottom of this page.|
4, Linenhall St.,
|The name "RANKIN & CO BALLYMENA" is found widely, but nowadays
frequently on Chinese replica Belfast pattern pumps. However, various
Belfast/Ulster street directories for 1902-1916 list "Rankin & Co.,
plumbers, 4 Linenhall street, Ballymena" or "Charles Rankin".
A descendant of Charles now confirms that the business - "plumber, gas-fitter, electric bell-fitter and sanitary engineer" - was first established in 1866 in Bridge Street, Ballymena, laying high pressure water pipes. Charles Rankin was originally the only plumber in mid-Ulster to hold a certificate of registration with the Worshipful Company of Plumbers, and in 1876 he expanded into Loy Hill, Cookstown, and also to Magherafelt. Charles died in 1930.
Once in a while a Rankin pump turns out to be a genuine original, and there's a genuine "RANKIN & CO BALLYMENA" pump at Crookedstone, Co. Antrim. Marcus Simms, an exceptionally observant young man in Northern Ireland, some years ago provided us with a means of telling apart a genuine "Belfast" pattern pump and a Chinese copy.
"C RANKIN MAGHERAFELT" is on a genuine pump at Dunlopstown, Co. Antrim (see right).
"C RANKIN BALLYMENA" is on genuine ones at Magherafelt and Boleran, Co. Londonderry; and Randalstown, Co. Antrim.
Genuine C. RANKIN BALLYMENA pumps in Brookeborough, Co. Fermanagh; Crookedstone, Co. Antrim; and Magherafelt, Co. Derry also carry the words "ESTD 1866".
And an "A. RANKIN" pump has turned up (see right), at Gladestry, Powys, Alexander being confirmed as the son of Charles. Alexander Rankin is currently registered as a business in Magherafelt.
|Alexander Rankin & Son Ltd
60 Main Street
|Ransomes, Sims and Jeffries,
or "RANSOME & SIMS" reported on pumps in Ridgewell, Essex, and in
Somerleyton, Monks Eleigh and Stowmarket, Suffolk. A book has been written by
Brian Bell about this company - ISBN 1-903366-15-1.
"RANSOME IPSWICH" seen on a flywheel and crank pump in the Museum of East Anglian Life, Stowmarket. The company was originally called Ransome & Son, from 1809, and a notice at the museum claims that a final "s" was added to the name from 1846.
found on a pump in Borth, Ceredigion; Brackenfield, Derbs; at an auction at
Welland, Worcs; at How Hill, Norfolk; and also on a very smart brass pump in
"RC 3" is on a pump in private hands in Southend-on-Sea, with a confirmed 2¾" bore; and another was included in a job lot of European (i.e., non-British) pumps offered for sale by a Belgian dealer at an agricultural show in Malvern, Worcs.
An "RC 4" is on a pump at Thornford, Dorset; an RC 6 in Milton Keynes Village, with a confirmed 90mm/3½" bore; and an RC 8 in Staplehill, Dorset.
One has turned up at an antique dealers in the USA, with embellishments which might suggest a Chinese origin, but is it possible that "RC" is a company called Richardson & Cruddas Ltd, of India? They were established in 1858 and are still going strong, currently producing the India Mark II hand pump which has found wide use in developing countries. They are frequently referred to online as "R & C".
|"Real"||Seen on a pump at Pentrich, Derbs, the Brewhouse & Kitchen pub in Poole, Dorset, and also (middle image) on a pump offered for sale on eBay. This latter pump also carried a name on the pump handle, which could be read as "C Allen's". (Research continues - see C. Allen & Sons, Taunton, above.)|
|"Bratton Reeves" is to be found on a chain pump at Barrington Court, a National Trust property nr Ilminster, Somerset. The firm was well-established by the mid-1800s, and surviving catalogues show a wide range of products. They were major employers in the village until business declined and they finally closed in 1970/73. More information available at: http://www.wiltshire.gov.uk/community/getcom.php?id=27 and http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=102813.|
||"RENUS" and a Registered symbol (an R in a circle) seen on a pump in Lizard, Cornwall, which also carried a possible "HD" on its base. A similar pump in Plymouth was offered for sale, second hand, on the internet in 2017. So far we haven't identified the maker, but the name could perhaps indicate an Indian company.|
Richmond and Son,
|"RICHMOND & SON. ENGINEERS. CHELMSFORD." reported on a large roadside pump in Southminster, Essex. English Heritage reports: "Of importance as the only known identifiable casting of the Richmond Foundry and one of only 2 obelisk survivors, the other circa 1850 at Ridgewell. [Essex and the Industrial Revolution. John Booker, E.R.O. 66. 1974.]"|
|Seen on a modern hand pumps at the Falkirk Wheel, Falkirk; Stanwick, Northants; a park in Coventry, and various other locations.They also market their products under the name "unitedplay".|
|"RIDDELS LIMITED BELFAST" seen on a pump at Ballymacricket, Co. Antrim, and also at Holywood, Co. Down. An 1877 trade directory lists a Riddel & Co., furnishing and manufacturing iron mongers, at 49 Donegall Place, Belfast. John Riddel & Son of Lisburn today describe themselves as wholesale hardware merchants, established in 1803. Is this the same company?|
Ridgway & Sons,
|"J. RIDGEWAY & SONS CHESTER" reported on a pump at Bretton, Flintshire. There was a James Ridgway in Castle St., Chester, described in the 1911 census return as a "Mineral Borer and Well-Sinker", but so far no other evidence has emerged.|
Britannia Ironworks, Deanshanger.
years the Roberts Iron Foundry of Deanshanger (Britannia Ironworks) were very
successful agricultural implement makers and engineers, but they finally went
into liquidation in 1927. Their neat and distinctive water pillars can be found
in a number of places, but an example of a pump made by the company is rare.
One has been found at Puxley, near Deanshanger, and the name of the company is
stamped on the handle of a standard Joseph Evans lift & force pump salvaged
in Towcester, Northants.
More information at: http://www.deanshangerironworks.co.uk/, http://clutch.open.ac.uk/schools/deanshanger99/pages/
rob_hist.html and http://www.mkheritage.co.uk/mkm/roberts.html.
|"T ROBERTS [LTD?] WARWICK FOUNDRY" seen on a pump at Barford, Warks. Thomas Roberts's iron foundry is reported to have been in business as far back as 1810, although an entry in the London Gazette in Dec 1816 gave notice that "the partnership between George Baldwin and Thomas Roberts, in the business of Iron-Founders, carried on at Warwick, in the firm of G. Baldwin & Co" was to be dissolved, and that Thomas Roberts was carrying on the business by himself. Roberts's iron foundry had moved to the Coventry road by 1822 and "deservedly obtained considerable reputation for making all descriptions of machinery", remaining in business for a further half century.|
Robinson & Sons,
|"J. ROBINSON & [...] LEEDS" and "5053 PATENT CHAIN PUMP" seen on a pump at Healey, N. Yorks. John Robinson & Sons of Leeds seem to have made a range of agricultural machinery, and I've found references to them dated 1861 and 1908.|
|"J Aston Roden, Maker, Bridgnorth" found on a pump in Oldfield, Shrops. James Roden was established as an iron and brass founder in Underhill St, Bridgnorth, by 1861. His partnership with Henry Knott was dissolved in 1865, and the firm continued in light engineering under his son, James Aston Roden, until around 1926.|
|Seen on a pump at Tattingstone White Horse, Suffolk. William Root, plumber of Ipswich, was in business at least over the period 1871-1889, and at one stage employed 13 men and 5 boys.|
|Reported on a pump at Long Sutton, Soms, but the words have practically corroded away.|
|Runwell||See Ashwell & Nesbit, above.|
|The Safety Water Elevator
|a. Found on a pump in Grittleton, Wilts, and also at St. James
South Elmham and Chattisham, Suffolk; apparently there's one at Cockayne
Hatley, Beds, as well.
b. A different style manufacturer's label found on a model at the cottages near Rousham House, Oxon, reads: "THE SAFETY WATER ELEVATOR CO WORKS DUNSTABLE".
c. Another badge, found on eBay.
The Safety Water Elevator Co had offices and showrooms at 104, Leadenhall St., London, but their factory was in Dunstable, Beds. In 1905 they advertised the "Simple, strong, but ingenious Jonet's Patent" pump as being suitable for wells 10-1000 ft deep, and for a price of £10. It's not actually a pump, and works on the principle of buckets on a chain, operated by a handle.See: http://www.fotolibra.com/gallery/52110/water-elevator-advertisment-1905/.
The Dunstable and District Local History Society has researched these devices and provided me with a detailed explanation of how they work. Thanks!
|Seen on a pump in Magherafelt, Co. Londonderry, and with the name "WINNINGTON & Co WILSON ST BELFAST" dated 1902, on the other side. There is currently a W. J. Scott & Sons, plumbers, of Cookstown.|
|"Wm J.SCOTT BELFAST" seen on a pump in Montalto, Co. Down.|
Sefton & Co,
Engineer, machinist and brassfounder,
102 & 104 Percy St.,
|"JOHN SEFTON & CO ENGINEERS BELFAST" seen on a pump a pump at Magherally, Co. Down. Very little found on this company, other than that they were reported as being bankrupt in 1895.|
|Examples of their large pumps are in Norwich, Cringleford, Hethersett and Wymondham (possibly also in Gorleston-on-Sea), Norfolk. The company was also the maker of the much smaller Shalders' Patent Fountain Power Pump, one of which survives on Wymondham Railway Station. Advertisements for pumps produced by the company appeared in Whites 1845 Directory and Gazetteer of Norfolk, Hunt & Co's 1850 Directory of E. Norfolk & parts of Suffolk, and Kellys 1853 Directory for Cambridgeshire, Norfolk and Suffolk. The company also exhibited at the Great Exhibition.|
|Shijiazhuang Dingxin Metal Products Co.,
|This company advertises itself as the manufacturer of various modern cast iron pumps appearing around the UK today. No evidence of any trademark.|
|Seen on a Belfast pattern pump offered for sale over the internet.|
|The trident seen on an NP75 pump in the old greenhouse at Whitland
Abbey, Carms, and a number of other locations, is the trademark of the
Sigma Group, of the Czech
Republic, who currently make a wide range of modern electrically operated
pumps. Their web site confirms that they've been around since 1868. But how did
this pump find its way to Whitland Abbey? Also seen on pumps in Levens,
Cumbria; and Botolphs, W. Sussex.
An otherwise identical pump, marked "NP75", but without the trident, is still offered for sale by the Kovoplast Company of the Czech Republic, see separate entry.
An NP-75 at Heversham, Cumbs, sports a trident and "ON 112220", and an NP-90 has turned up in private hands in Spratton, Northants, also with this number. "ON 112220" also appears on a Standard T pump in Exton, Devon. "ON112238" and a trident appears on a Standard T that was being offered for sale over the internet.
At Brownsea Island Farm, Dorset, there's a semi-rotary with the words "ORIGINAL SIGMA PUMPY", "K3", "MADE IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA" and a trident on it.
See also "HP75", under Unknowns, below.
|Sigmund||Seen on a semi-rotary at Hilton, Dorset. A subsidiary of Sigma, set up in the UK in 1935 (See "Sigma/More") above.|
|Seen on a pump at Palace Stables, Armagh. The name "A. C. Simpson" features in Armagh history as a building contractor, but there's no confirmation that this firm had anything to do with the pump.|
|"SMITH CHARD" reported on a pump in private hands which came out of a garden in Winsham, Somerset. See The Phoenix Engineering Company, above.|
Smith & Co,
on a large cast iron pump in St. Peter Port, Guernsey. The company was founded
in 1858 and was one of the leading Scottish firms in producing decorative
ironwork, their range including ornamental fountains, bandstands, gates and
railings. They grew quickly, moving to larger premises in 1875, although after
a further move they closed down in 1899. Read much more at
There are further examples of almost identical pumps at Faversham, Kent; Elie,
Fife; and Wick, Highland.
They produced small pumps too, which carry the same distinctive spout design as the larger pumps. Examples can be found at Darvel and Sorn, East Ayrshire; Plockton, Highlands; Redhouses, Islay, Argyll & Bute; and Headcorn, Kent.
|Reportedly the manufacturer of a pump in Prees, Shrops.|
|Seen on a pump in Clogher, Co.Tyrone.|
|Reportedly the makers of a pump in Bickley, Shropshire.|
|Smith & Watson Ltd,
|Nameplate found on a contractor's pump in private hands in Ross-on-Wye. The hedgehog image is one that has long been associated with Ross-on-Wye, but I can find no further information on the company. It remains likely that the pump was made by another manufacturer, such as Davies Bros of Wolverhampton, or Appleby's of Renishaw. Joseph Evans made them too, but they usually managed to include their Lion trademark somewhere on the pump.|
|"SOLLORY", "Plummers" [sic] and a date - 1826 - found on a lead pump at Wollaton Hall, Notts. Further research shows an entry for "Sollory John, Plumber & Glazier, Bridlesmith Gate" in Hodson's 1814 Directory for Nottingham. "Henry Sollary [sic] & Son, plumbers, glaziers, gas, bar & steam fitters, brass founders" appear in various directories for Mount St, Nottingham, in 1876, 1885 and 1891, and in St. James St in 1915. A James Sollory, plumber, is listed in the 1881 Census for Nottingham.|
|"C.W.SOUTHALL" reported stamped on the handle of a Thomas & Wilks pump in Kidderminster. William Southall was a blacksmith at 53 Gilgal, Lower Mitton, Stourport, in 1891. By 1901 he and his son, Charles William Southall, were working together at the same address as Pump Makers/Well Sinkers. Charles William Southall was recorded ten years later in the 1911 census for Comhampton, near Ombersley, Worcs, as a Pump Manufacturer.|
|Found on a pump at Montacute House, Soms, and another in Martock, Soms. William Sparrow (b. 1836) established the Somerset Wheel and Wagon Works in 1868 and by 1871 the company is recorded as employing 38 staff. Entries in Kelly's Directory continued until 1875 ("William Sparrow, Engineer, millwright, Brass and Iron founder, agricultural implement maker, and all kinds of iron and wood wheels, Somerset Wheel and Wagon Works.") but in 1876 he apparently sold the company. He must have continued in business and by the time of WWI William Sparrow was employing 80-100 men. Records show that the company produced almost 7000 artillery wheels, 800 howitzer wheels, 250 steel bomb carriages and over three quarters of a million tent pegs. Today there's still a William Sparrow Ltd operating from Sparrow Works, Bower Hinton, Martock.|
|"STEEL CUPAR 1861" seen on a pump at Letham, Fife, and "STEEL CUPAR 1868" on one at Moonzie, Fife. The trade directories for the area show Charles Steel, Plumber, at 16 Crossgate, Cupar, in 1861 and 1862, but the entry at that address for 1866 is for "Mrs. Charles Steel, Plumber". Thanks to the folk at Cupar Heritage Centre for providing key information allowing this identification to be made.|
||"THE STERNE PUMP No1" seen on what seems to be a modern pump at Cossington, Somerset. No further information found on this company.|
|Stevenson & Turner Ltd,
63, Pilot St,
Later of 1-17 West St, Belfast.
|Belfast street directories of 1901 and 1910 describe them as "lead and composition pipe manufacturers, and general plumbers' furnishers, metal merchants". The firm isn't mentioned in the 1880 directory, although Stevenson name do appear as foundry or metal workers. The standard pumps in their catalogue are mainly those of Lee Howl, but they also advertise "Belfast" pattern pumps (offering to include the customer's name around the pump head).and double-wheeled deep well pumps. Both types are widely seen in Ireland but hardly ever in GB.|
|Seen on a pump near Birches, Co. Tyrone. No further information.|
|Stock Sons & Taylors Ltd,
|Seen on a pump in Raglan, Mon; in Alstone, Glos; on a lift &
force pump that was originally in an old house in Herefordshire; and another
has now been moved to a house in Ballycowan, Co. Down. There's also one at the
Museum of Lincolnshire Life, in Lincoln.
A slightly different maker's plate was seen on a lift and force pump, very similar to the Herefs pump, which was for sale in Cheltenham, Glos, and giving their address as Temple St, Birmingham. Evidence shows the company as being active in 1901 and in 1921.They also made sanitary ware, and were as some stage located in Berkley Street, Birmingham.
They went into liquidation in 1967, although by that time were described as "LEAD, GLASS, OIL AND COLOUR MERCHANTS of Charles Edward Road, Birmingham".
|"A. STONE", "LANGFORD" seen on a pump in Fitzhead, Soms. No further information found.|
Stone & Co.,
|"J. STONE & CO DEPTFORD" seen on a pump in Dorking, Surrey. J. Stone & Co was founded by Josiah Stone in a workshop in Deptford in 1831 and it is recorded that in 1842 they "moved to railway arches where he made hand pumps and manual fire engines". From 1881 their engineering works moved to Arklowe Rd , Deptford, where they expanded enormously, establishing a Fastener Division, a Boiler Division, a Rail Division, and a Laundry Division. After various name changes and mergers the Deptford factory closed in 1969.|
14, Pentonville Rd
|"A.Syer, [obscured word which might just be Pentonville Rd], London" seen on a pump in Great Walsingham, Norfolk, and - very clearly - also on a pump in Osmington, Dorset. The company made coal hole covers, many examples of which can still be found in London.|
|William Tasker and his brother founded the Waterloo Ironworks in 1813 and his sons took over the business in 1857. By 1865 they were producing steam engines. It became a private company in 1932. By 1937 it was advertisng itself as "General engineers and trailer builders", and post-war it used the name "Tasker Trailers". By 1961 it had 650 employees, but after a series of takeovers the works were closed and finally demolished in 1984. The brand name was dropped in the late 1990s. A Taskers chain pump reportedly survives at the Science Museum, London.|
|"J. TATE DOWNPATRICK" Seen, indistinctly, on a pump at Myra Castle, Strangford, Co. Down. No further information.|
|Terpo||There's a pump carrying this logo in private hands in Harpenden, Herts, and others in Shelfanger, Norfolk; Trottiscliffe, Kent; Carharrack, Cornwall; and Bashall Eaves, Lancs. I can find nothing so far on its maker, but one was offered for sale, second hand, in Poland (Gostynin)|
The Metal Agencies Company Ltd.,
31-35 Queen Sq,
"THEMAC" seen on a pump in a field in Winterbourne, S. Glos, which also carries
the number 867-36. Features of the pump are very similar to those of the CLIMAX
range, made by Thomas & Son of Worcester (see below).
b. "THEMAC" also found on a pump of a different design in Grouville, Jersey. Very similar ones at Boncath, Pembs; Monxton, Hants; Moreleigh, Devon; Constantine, Feock, Gwennap and Probus, Cornwall; and Hill, S. Glos.
c. "THEMAC" also found on semi-rotaries in Weston-super-Mare, N. Soms; near Sutton Benger, Wilts; and Glastonbury, Soms.
The Metal Agencies Company was established in Bristol in 1894 and produced a wide range of products for the ironmongery and builders merchants' trade. Its Head Office was at Queen Sq, but it had showrooms and warehouses in a number of Bristol locations, including Avon Works, Winterstoke Rd, Ashton Gate/Bedminster. The company published voluminous catalogues for many years and traded until at least 1970.
|Thomas & Son,
|"THOMAS & SON WORCESTER" is on a pump on the outskirts of
Worcester, on two at Leigh Sinton, Ripple, Worcs; and on another in Carlisle,
Cumbs. The words "MADE FOR THOMAS & SON WORCESTER" is on one at Ladywood,
Worcs. The firm was well known for its Climax range of windmills and pumps, and
the name "CLIMAX" can be widely found on pumps in Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex,
Cambridgeshire, Hampshire, Shrops, Cornwall, Sussex, Worcs and Yorks, some of
which also carry Climax part numbers. The pumps have a distinctive vertical
slide bar; this reflects the windpump role where it would be connected via a
linkage to the sails. The "rack and cog" gearing feature seems to be unique in
the UK, but there are pumps of US manufacture which employ this design. The
name "CLIMAX" appears on a stopcock attached to a Joseph Evans pump at Thorpe
Abbotts, Norfolk. The name THEMAC (see above) appears on a pump in
Winterbourne, S. Glos, which carries a Climax stopcock. A Climax flywheel and
crank deep well pump is at Sparham, Norfolk, and another has turned up in Hong
And we have discovered a model that Thomas & Son called their "Climax Hand Pump", at Debenham, in Suffolk, which is of a more traditional design than their well-known rack and cog types. It carries the very faint name "CLIMAX" on its handle.
Furthermore, there's a very unusual Climax pump jack at Ridgewell, Essex.
The owner of Thomas & Son was a well-liked local benefactor, fondly known as "Pumpy Thomas", who erected a row of houses for his workers, named "Windmill Cottages". The earliest authenticated date I can find for the company is 1903, although there are references that point to an earlier date of the 1890s. At a later date the company re-located to South Africa, where Climax windmills are still made.
|"THOMAS & WILKS KIDDR" seen on pumps in The Grove at Ryall, Worcs; Rushock, Tibberton and Broughton Hackett, all in Worcs; and a further one in the general Worcester area. It has also been seen on a renovated pump in Beverley, E. Yorks; on a pump in a garden in Carlisle; in Kinlet, Shrops; and on a name plate behind a pump in Quatford, Shrops. All I can find is that they were pump makers and plumbers, and that accounts for the years 1891-1905 still exist. Nearby, in Ripple, Worcs, a pump displays the name "J. THOMAS KIDDR", and I don't yet know if this is the same company or a different one. See also "J. THOMAS LATE INSTON. KIDDR", above, under "INSTON".|
|Thompson & xxx.||Seen on the enormous pump in Bedford Row, Holborn, London. Rest of inscription obscured by layers of paint. Another pump in Queen Square, London, clearly made by the same company, but no name present.|
Shirun International Trade Co., Ltd.
of various replica pumps, including a typical Irish cowtail pump such as the
one at Wick, S. Glos. (See H. McManus & Sons, Ballymena, above.) They have
also in the past advertised a pump with an "N" logo within a hexagon, and these
trademarks can be found on pumps in Tewkesbury, Glos; Lugwardine, Herefs;
Broadmoor, Pembs; Charlestown, Cornwall; and other locations. One such at
Erwood, Powys, has an "N" logo on its extension pipe. Some pumps on Tianjin's
website now (2016) carry a "B" logo within a hexagon, and this mark has been
seen on pumps at Cleasby, N. Yorks; Iddesleigh, Devon; nr Shawhead, Dumf &
Gall; St. Clears, Carms, Castleton, Derbs, Offham, Sussex; Three Bridges, W.
Sussex; Theale, W. Berks; Chearsley, Bucks; and Drumbo, Co. Down. (Also
reported on a pump at Carlanstown, Co. Meath, Republic of Ireland, sitting on
top of an extension pipe carrying the "P" trademark of Puteus.) In fact, many
of their pumps are suspiciously similar to "P" pumps.
It's likely that they also produce a very similar pump with an "H" trademark, found by Marcus Simms on a pump offered for sale online.
|"TOY HELSTON" seen on pumps at Shortlanesend and Gunwalloe, Cornwall. Toy's foundry at Helston opened in the 1840s, switching its production from mining machinery to agricultural implements and to the maritime sector, and continuing in business until the twentieth century. Apparently they made their name by selling cooking ranges. There are a number of examples of their cast iron work around Cornwall, including a millwheel at Poltesco.|
Geo.D. Roper Corp ,
|Seen on a pump in a garden in Stanton, Suffolk, restored to working condition about 20 years ago. Another, practically identical, model is at the Gressenhall Workhouse & Farm Museum, Norfolk. The Trahern Pump Company was established in Rockford, Illinois, in the 1860s, and bought up by Ropers in 1906.|
63, Dorset St,
63 DORSET ST, FLEET ST" seen on a pump in Lewisham (upper image, opposite), and
at Abthorpe, Northants.
"TURNER, DORSET ST FLEET ST LONDON" seen on a pump in Hertford, and "TURNER, DORSET ST, FLEET ST, [and probably LONDON]" seen at Hunsdon, Herts (lower image, opposite).
The company is mentioned in "The Every-Day Book", written in 1825-26 by William Hone: "In 1821, the water for the fountain at Tottenham High Cross, represented in the engraving, was obtained by boring to a depth of one hundred and five feet, at the expense of the parish, for public accommodation. The water rises six feet above the surface, and flowing over a vase at the top of the column into a basin, as represented in the engraving, it pours from beneath. The boring for this spring and the fountain were suggested by Mr. Mathew, who first obtained water in Tottenham, by that method, and introduced the practice there. The pillar was designed by Messrs. Mathew and Chaplin, and executed by Mr. Turner of Dorset-street, Fleet-street, the well known manufacturer of the cast iron pumps; and not to withhold from him any of "his blushing honours," be it noted that he was till lately a common-councilman of the ward of Farringdon Without, where he still maintains his reputation as a "cunning workman in iron," and his good name as a good pump-maker, and as a worthy and repectable man. Public spirit should rise to the height of giving him, and others of the worshipful company of pump-makers, more orders."
"TURTON'S MILL STT KIDDR" seen on a pump at Harvington Hall, Harvington, nr Kidderminster.
"WILLIAM TURTON KIDDERMINSTER" hard to make out on a telephoto shot of a pump at Woodcote Green, Worcs. Richard and George Turton established Albion Foundry in Mill Street/Pitts Lane in 1831. Later in the 1830s they also opened a foundry at Caldwall, leaving the Albion Foundry in the hands of John, William and Jude Turton who by 1880 had sold it to Herbert Bale (see above). Other pumps in Chaddesley Corbett are identical.
Tylor and Sons, London. |More|
(b) J. Tylor & Sons
(c) J. Tylor and Sons,
2 Newgate St,
(d) J. Tylor & Sons
2 Newgate St.,
(e) J. Tylor & Sons,
Warwick Lane, London.
(f) J. Tylor & Sons
(g) J. Tylor & Sons
2 Newgate Street
(h) J. Tylor & Sons,
(i) J. Tylor & Sons,
company was founded in 1778 by John Tylor (b. 1756), who was a Quaker. It
became J. Tylor and Sons Ltd in 1892, and in turn was renamed Tylors (Water
& Sanitary) Ltd in 1920 and Tylors of London Ltd in 1947. They initially
specialised in making tea urns, but by the end of the 19th Century had moved
into manufacturing a wide range of hydraulic and sanitary equipment, including
fire engines. They existed until 1974, when the company was sold and broken
(a) Seen on a pump in Woodbridge, Suffolk.
(b) Seen on a pump at Ifield Mill, nr Crawley, W. Sussex
(c) Pound St., Carshalton, Greater London.
(d) Found on pumps in Calbourne and Newtown, Isle of Wight, and Bourton-on-the-Water, Glos.
(e) On pumps in Gloucester and Ewelme, Oxon. Reportedly also one one in Steeple, Essex.
(f) On a pump in private hands in Dorking, Surrey.
(g) On a pump in Ferry Lane, Norwich.
(h) On a pump in Elstree Rd., Bushey Heath, Herts
A pump at Hughendon Manor (NT), Hygh Wycombe, is inscribed: "NEWGATE ST. J. TYLOR & SONS LT LONDON E.C.".
(i) On a pump in Kew Steam Museum,Greater London.
|Seen on a pump at Fen Drayton, Cambs. John Birt Ulph (1831-1906) was a St. Ives man. The 1861/71/81 censuses record him as being a partner in an ironmongery business, but by 1891 he was recorded as "ironmonger and valuer" - apparently a "metal trades valuer". In 1885 he took on a junior partner, Mr. F.T.Ruston, although his sons also worked in the family business at 25, Crown St., St. Ives. In latter years the business carried on as F.T.Ruston & Son.|
||Seen on a pump at Cambridge's Museum of Technology. The pump also carries the marking "UMI 80 6". DPHE = Dept of Public Health Engineering, Bangladesh, and their website contains details of this model pump.|
|"J. VILLIERS WELL ENGINEER BEVERLEY" seen on pumps at Aike, Tickton, Rudston and Fraisthorpe E. Yorks. Ones at Skerne and Beverley, E. Yorks, read "J. VILLIERS ENGINEER BEVERLEY". A further pump at Cherry Burton, E. Yorks, is clearly a Villiers model but carries no inscription. J. Villiers appears in Bulmer's Directory of Beverley in 1892.|
|"J WAINWRIGHT CLIFTON ON TEME" seen on a pump at an architectural salvage company. Littlebury's Directory and Gazetteer of Worcester & District 1879 lists John Wainwright, pump maker and well sinker; the 1881 Census has him as a Machinist & Pumpmaker; and the 1891 Census has John Wainwright, Agricultural Machine and Pumpmaker.|
Wallace & Sons,
34, Paton St
Wallace Chain Pump" and "J. Wallace & Sons Ltd, Dennistoun, Glasgow" seen
on a chain pump at Castleward, near Strangford, Co. Down. John Wallace &
Sons of Graham Square, Dennistoun, Glasgow, was founded in 1857 and in 1961 the
company was described as: "Manufacturers of agricultural machinery and
implements including elevator potato diggers, spinner potato diggers, grain
drills and turnip sowers" with 100 employees. A 1923 price list offers their
chain pumps for sale.
|Name plate on a pump in the yard of the Tudor Cafe, Friar St., Worcester.|
|John Warner & Sons, Crescent Foundry, Cripplegate, London.||"Warners, London" seen on pump spouts in Baulking, Oxon; Brockham,
Surrey; Fulking and Mayfield, Sussex; Penally, Pembs, St. Peter parish, Jersey,
and many other locations. (a, b)
"Warners Patent London" appears on the handle of a pump that I've acquired (c), and "John Warner & Sons, London, Manufacturers" appears on a pump at Amberley Working Museum, W. Sussex (d).
Pumps at St.Lawrence, Isle of Wight; West Chiltington, Sussex; and Ixworth, Suffolk, carry the words "Warners London" on their caps (e), and one in Houghton, Cambs, carries the inscription "John Warner & Sons, Hydraulic Engineers, Crescent, Cripplegate, London".
Elsewhere it's stated that they were a brass, iron and bell founder (and not just any old bell founder - in 1856 they cast the first Big Ben, which unfortunately cracked), making pumps, horse gears, garden furniture and ornaments and fire-fighting equipment at the Crescent Foundry, Cripplegate. Also given as Spitalfields.
Lift & force pumps at both the Kingsbury Watermill Museum, St. Albans, and Shuttleworth House, Beds, have a complex maker's mark comprising a crescent moon with the initials "J.W&S" and "Crescent London" written within it, and next to it a bell motif (carrying a crest and "Patent"), and the word "Trademark". This trademark has now been found in a Warner's catalogue dated 1876 (f).
The large formal pump at Marden, Kent, carries the wording "J. WARNER AND SONS LD LONDON".
A Warners flywheel and crank pump at High Easter, Essex, also carries a coat of arms (g). This reflects a royal warrant, and their catalogues proudly proclaimed "By Special Appointment to Her Majesty the Queen".
The name "WARNERS LONDON" appears on the cast iron "plank" of a lift & force pump at Lulworth Castle, East Lulworth (h).
An example in a pub in Worthing also carries an impressive coat of arms (i).
Warner & Co.,
& Sons Walton on the Naze" has been reported on a well pump. It turns out
that the Warner family acquired land in Walton-on-the-Naze and there they
established a second foundry - The Foundry Works - on Hall Lane. They exhibited
'a large variety of pumps' at the Royal Agricultural Show in York in 1900 and
in 1911-1914 were apparently well known for their steam pumps. A catalogue from
the era advertises "Windmills, wind-power pumping, irrigating, draining and
corn-grinding equipment, etc.", under the name of "Robert Warner & Co, of
the Crescent Foundry, Cripplegate, London EC, and The Foundry Works,
Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex". The Foundry Works employed up to 300 people at its
peak and continued production after Robert's death in 1896. The business was
sold in 1921 and finally closed in the 1960s.
"Robert Warner Pumps Ltd" seen on a pump in Grouville, Jersey, in association with the name of Henry Watson & Sons.
|"E. WATSON BS STORTFORD" seen on a pump at Braintree, Essex, and reportedly also on a couple at Great Canfield and one at Puttock's End, Essex.|
|Reported on pumps in High Wych, Herts, and Matching, Essex. Transcription error for E. Watson?|
Watson & Sons,
|Seen on a pump in Grouville, Jersey, which also carried the name of Robert Warner Pumps Ltd. Very little known of the company other than that they were advertised as "producing castings" and were active in 1908.|
Sons & Co,
4(?) Waterbeer St,
|WEBBER SONS EXETER seen on a pump in Exeter. There was an ironmonger by the name of John Webber in business from at least 1844, and by 1874 someone (a son?) was trading as A. Webber and Co. In 1891 a company was referred to as Webber Sons and Company, Ironmongers, of Waterbeer Street.|
|Seen on a flywheel and crank pump near Crouch, Kent. William Weeks was recorded in 1840 as being a millwright of Maidstone, Kent. Some years later he was in partnership with Robert Petman, and the company was described as being ironfounders, engineers and millwrights. In 1856 the partnership had been dissolved and William Weeks set up a new partnership with his son, also named William. By 1889 they were moving ever more towards agricultural engineering, and in 1893 the company was incorporated as W. Weeks and Son Ltd. In 1894 they displayed a "self-acting steam cultivator and apparatus for dispersing vapour and drying hops, malt, etc" and other machines at the Royal Agricultural Society's Show. In 1915 they agreed to produce a lightweight tractor for a local fruit and hop grower by the name of Dungey, and produced a number of Weeks-Dungey models until 1925. By the 1940s the company was producing tar spraying machinery, crop sprayers, orchard sprayers and farm trailers.|
|"W WEIR BAL LYRONEY" [sic] seen on a pump in Ballyroney, Co. Down. No further information, although there is an Agricultural & Garden Machinery company by the name of John A. Weir & Sons still in business in Ballyroney. (Established 1867)|
|Reported on a pump in Ringmer and two in Fulking, Sussex. I've established that Charles Aspull Wells & Son, ironmongers, operated from Etna Ironworks, Lewes, in the latter part of the 19th Century. In 1869 they obtained a 14 year lease on "a house, workshops and factories near the bridge", from the "trustees of Henry Attwood Thompson (a lunatic)". However, they went bankrupt, and the business was assigned to creditors, 1891-1893. He was also a councillor, and secretary of the Lewes Mechanics Institution at its demise in 1880.|
4, Pump Row,
Old Street Road,
|"Rd. Wells, 4, Old St. Road, London" seen on a large pump in Aylesford, Kent. Insurance records from 1823 show a Richard Wells, pump maker, at 4, Pump Row, Old Street Road, and in 1827 a Richard Wells, lead pump maker, at 6, Pump Row, Old Street Road. This seems to have been in Shoreditch.|
pumps in Shrivenham, Oxon, and Easton Royal, Wilts. Oatley & Morris were
iron founders, engineers and agricultural implement makers, who set up business
in 1855 in Wootton Rivers. See: http://www.british-history.ac.uk.
They became Oatley & Whatley and in about 1870, as Whatley and Hosier, they moved from Wootton Rivers to Pewsey to set up an Iron and Brass Foundry & Water Engineering company. Their successors nowadays are Whatley & Co (Pewsey) Ltd, who are apparently still in the Water Engineering business.
|Found on a lead pump in Saxton, N. Yorks.|
|W. H. Willcox &
32-38 Southwark St,
(Works in Castle St.)
"ORIGINAL WILLCOX PUMP", "BRITISH MADE" and "SSA". seen
on a pump in a collection in Ballycowan, Co. Down. The company was established
in 1876 and became a public limited company in 1897. From 1899 they were
advertising semi-rotary wing pumps, which in fact seem to be the only pump type
they produced. They manufactured a wide range of engineering "requisites" and
didn't finally go out of business until 1986.
Examples also found at Kew Steam Museum.
|Williams & Son
|Seen on a pump at Penryn, Cornwall. Possible additional indecipherable word.|
Late T. Paskin
|"D.WILLIAMS LATE T.PASKIN DUDLEY" seen on pumps at Long Itchington, Warks; Radford Semele, Warks; and Rowney Green, Worcs. Rowney Green also has a pump bearing the words "MADE FOR D.WILLIAMS LATE T.PASKIN DUDLEY". See also T. Paskin, above.|
3 Water Street,
|Listed in trade directories over the period 1857-1860 as iron, wood & lead pump-maker.|
33, Dublin Rd,
|"W.Willis, Dublin Road, Belfast" and the date 1900 seen on a pump in Drumbo, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland. A 1901 Belfast street directory lists A.W.Willis of 33, Dublin Rd as a plumber, gas and steam fitter.|
|Wilson Glass.||"Wilson Glass Plumber" seen embossed on a pump in Moy, Co. Tyrone.|
|Charles Winn & Co.,
|Various versions found on pumps in Mickleton, Sherborne and
Naunton, Glos; Lacock, Wilts; Lambley, Notts; Stourton, Warks; Woolverton, Bath
& NE Soms; St. Neots, Cambs; and Portscatho, Cornwall. Examples at Y
Felinheli, Gwynedd, and Probus, Cornwall, also carry a distinctive
diamond logo. Charles Winn & Co were engineers
and brassfounders. They seem to have been established in about 1869, and
produced gas and steam fittings, plumbers' brasswork, beer engines and
firefighting equipment. At http://www.oldcopper.org/ there is
reference to their trademark being found on the bottom of a heavy brass bowl.
Their 1897 catalogue offered safety valves for sale and they were latterly
quoted as being one of Britain's biggest valve manufacturers, specialising in
high performance butterfly valves. They were still in business in 1976, when
they moved across Birmingham from Communication Row to Bordesley. They became
part of the Delta Metal Group at some stage, but eventually closed down in
1999, their valves continuing to be made under their name by Hindle Cockburns
The pump at Stourton, Warks, also carries the number 385 in a roundel, and it's now thought highly likely that other numbers seen similarly displayed are also Charles Winn pumps - some of which also have the distinctive Charles Winn finial - for example "380" on one at Hornton, Oxon. 434 appears on a very distinctive pump in Gerrans, Cornwall, which is identical to ones with the Charles Winn maker's name in Portscatho and Probus, Cornwall.
|Winnington & Co,
Winnington & Sefton
on a large pump in Dromore, Co. Down; Rock, Co.Tyrone; Stewartstown, Co.Tyrone;
and also on one at Magherafelt, Co. Londonderry. "WINNINGTON & CO ENGINEERS
BELFAST 1897" seen on a pump at Auchnacloy, Co. Tyrone.
An 1861 trade directory shows Henderson & Winnington, brass founders and gas fitters of 5 Mill St. By 1880 the firm John Winnington & Co had been established at 7 & 9, Wilson St (click for a detailed advertisement for the firm). By 1901 they had expanded to take up much more of the street, as it was advertised as Winnington & Co., brass founders, engineers and machinists of 5-15 Wilson's [sic] St.
"WINNINGTON & SEFTON BELFAST" seen on a pump in Ballynahinch, Co. Down. No further information on that company, but an 1880 Belfast directory includes "Sefton, John, brass founder, 19 Dock Street" and "Sefton, John, (of John Winnington & Co.), 19 Dock Street.
|"JOHN WINWOOD DEUXHILL NR BRIDGNORTH" seen on a pump at Chelmarsh, Shrops, and some others are known to exist. Samuel Winwood was a coal miner and well-sinker, who in 1882 moved to Horsford Mill, at Deuxhill near Bridgnorth, and in the 1891 Census was listed as a "pump setter". His son John took over the business in 1893, whilst also continuing as a farmer. The pump at Chelmarsh has very great similarities to one at Ripple, Worcs, made by Thomas & Son of Worcester, and it seems likely that Thomas and Son produced the pumps for John Winwood.|
|"WINWOOD BRISTOL" just about discernible on a pump in Tytherington, Glos. There was a firm called John Winwood, Ironfounder, of 43 & 44 Milk St., Bristol, advertised in Pigot's 1830 Directory for Gloucestershire. A far more grand pump at Petty France, near Dunkirk, S. Glos, carries the words "WINWOOD & Co BRISTOL". And now we've found one at Upton Cheyney, S. Glos, on which "WINWOOD & CO" can just be made out, together with a more obvious "BRISTOL".|
|J. Wright||Seen on a large cast iron pump advertised for sale on eBay.|
|"WYATT BROTHERS HYDRAULIC & GENERAL ENGINEERS WHITCHURCH, SALOP." seen on pumps at Blists Hill Museum, Shropshire, Waverton, Cheshire, and Lympstone, Devon. The company was established in 1879 and is still in business.|
1, Market Place,
|"WYATT BROS IRONMONGERS BLANDFORD" seen on a label affixed to a Joseph Evans pump in Manston, Dorset. The 1911 Kelly's Directory for Blandford Forum gives the following description of the business; "Wyatt Brothers, wholesale and retail ironmongers, plumbers, sanitary and hot water engineers, oil and colour merchants, cutlers, gasfitters and sewing machine agents, 1 Market Place." The firm took over the premises in 1907 from Lindsay and Dalrymple, also ironmongers, and were still in existence in 1939. See a photo of the shop.(the page doesn't always upload immediately, but will if you persevere.)|
|On a pump in Kempsey, Worcs. Can't find out anything about the company yet, but a George William Yapp of Worcester was listed as a well sinker in 1905.|
D.Young & Sons,
|The makers of a pump in Chulmleigh, Devon. A trade directory of 1870 lists them as "iron and brass founder, plumber and wholesale ironmonger, Silver street; h. 9, Taw Vale parade".|
|"ZWICKY PATENT" appears on what seems to be a highly engineered and expensive industrial pump rather incongruously installed in a traditional tiled shelter on the green at Farnham Royal, Bucks. From the 1930s to the 60s Zwicky advertised themselves as refuelling specialists to the aviation industry, their products including filters, pumps, hose reels, valves, swivel connections and emergency stop controls. An earlier advertisement from 1913 shows that at that stage Zwicky produced simple hand pumps.|
anchor design seen on pumps in East Cowes, Downend and Shorwell, Isle of Wight,
pumps which seem to be MacFarlane No.1 models. Original thinking was that they
were perhaps supplied by MacFarlane's, under an Admiralty contract, but one has
turned up in Woodleigh, Devon, complete with a possible manufacturer's name,
Hall & Son (see above).
Subsequently, others have been spotted at Kimmeridge, Dorset; and Birling Gap, E. Sussex.
|Unknown.||A fleur-de-lys and "AG" seen on pumps at East Chiltington, E. Sussex; and Cley-next-the-Sea, Norfolk - and these pumps also carry an "80" on their barrels. The only other example found is a pump in private hands in Horsham, W. Sussex. The fleur-de-lys suggests French origin, but I've had no success at tracing the manufacturers.|
|Unknown.||This HP75 mark is on pumps in Hatherden, Hants; Wilstone, Herts;
Hellidon, Northants; and other locations. It looks very similar to the NP75
produced by Kovoplast, but also to one of the 75 mm series made by Jiangyang.
There's either a link between these two companies or somebody is blatantly
copying somebody else's design. A pump with the HP75 marking in Ardross,
Highlands, also carries a small "C" on its handle - and this "C" has also been
seen on a very different pump in Laughton-en-le-Morthen, South
See also "HP64", below.
|Unknown.||A thistle trademark seen on a semi-rotary near Haverfordwest. Also carries the inscription "No 5".|
|Unknown.||A small pump at the Lost Gardens of Heligan, Pentewen, Cornwall, carries what looks like "AK" in a circle, with possibly another letter between them - and many other numbers, but they're obscured by layers of paint. There's a "75" on the handle.|
|Unknown.||A small pump in the grounds of a hotel in Kents Bank, Cumbs, carries a flower motif, "MADE IN ENGLAND" on the spout and, on the back, "VCI". The same model has been found at Great Gransden, Cambs, at Thornbury, S. Glos, and for sale in a second hand shop in Blandford Forum, Dorset.|
|Currently thought to be Charles Winn of Birmingham.||Possible "380" on a pump at Cropredy, Oxon, and another at Aston-le-Walls, Northants.|
|Unknown.||A possible bird or swan trademark and a diamond motif, found on a pump in Newry, Co. Down.|
|Unknown.||"HP" seen on six pumps on an Oxford allotment; on some further allotments at Somersham, Cambs; at Botany Bay, nr Catbrook, Mon; Stanwick, Northants; Ruskin Mill, Horsley, Glos; Hadzor, Worcs; and Keynsham, Bath & NE Soms. There's also one at Beeswing, Dumf & Gall, which carries an "HP" in a hexagon on its base plus "HP75" on its barrel.|
|Almost certainly Charles Winn of Birmingham.||"434" seen on two pumps in Great Rissington, Glos, one in Beeby, Leics, and one in Gerrans, Cornwall. See entry for Charles Winn, above.|
|Unknown.||"ENGLISH VILLAGE PUMP" An alloy label, always fixed on to the barrel with two cross-head screws, seen on pumps in Ashby Magna, Leics; Huntington, Herefs; Llanychaer, Llanteg and Milton, Pembs; Arlesey, Beds; Ardley, Oxon; Bainton and Elloughton, E.Yorks; Witton-le-Wear, Co.Durham; Carlisle, Cumbs; Lack, Co. Fermanagh; Hutton, N. Soms. One at Laugharne, Carms, also carries a Lee Howl flag and roundel. And one was offered for sale at a garden centre in Cenarth, Carms, a few years ago. So the conclusion is that this was a company which refurbished old pumps, affixed their badge, and sold them on. No further information|
|Unknown.||"PW", seen on a pump at Nedge Hill, near Chewton Mendip, Soms, and also on an identical model in Wokingham. Some research has come up with PW trademarks related to a French foundry, Paul Wintenberger, at Sablé-sur-Sarthe, which was established in 1918. But this is a long shot.|
|Unknown.||"5H 3""- seen on a pump at Boldron, Co.Durham, and Chilton Foliat,
Wilts, and also with the number "1943" on one at Speyton, Devon, and another
offered for sale on ebay.
A probable "5H 2½" seen on a pump at Sible Hedingham, Essex.
|Unknown.||A diamond symbol and "STL" Seen on a pump for sale on eBay.|
|Unknown.||"PL", or perhaps "Pt" seen on a pump for sale on eBay. "KC 88" or possibly "KG 88" on the handle|
|Unknown.||"HP64" seen on a pump for sale on eBay and also in Steyning, W. Sussex. See also "HP75", above.|
|Unknown.||"ML" seen on a pump for sale on eBay, which is almost certainly French in origin.|
|Unknown.||"BS", a small portico motif and "2320", seen on a pump in
Halstead, Essex, and another offered for sale on eBay. Undoubtedly French in
origin, and could possibily be associated with Pompes Briau. Another, but with
the number "2325" seen at Petworth, W. Sussex.
A further one appeared for sale in 2023 and is now in the hands of a private collector in the USA. This one also carried a plate with the words "TIJOUX MARCILLAC-LANVILLE CHARENTE". Marcillac-Lanville is a small commune in the Charante Department in SW France, and at the moment I believe that Tijoux is a surname perhaps associated with this location. None of which gets us any closer to the maker of these pumps.
|Unknown.||"EFA", "No.3" and "BRITISH MAKE" seen on a semi-rotary pump.|
|Unknown.||"CRL" or possibly "RCL" and "100" seen on a pump offered for sale on e-Bay.|
|Unknown.||"BIRMINGHAM" and a star motif seen on a pump in Maghery, Co. Armagh., and also at Beulah, Ceredigion.|
|Unknown.||What seems to be a double hexagon trademark - seen on a pump offered for sale on e-Bay.|
|Unknown.||The name "HOBB'S PATENT" seen on a lift and force pump in a salvage yard in Antrim Town.|
|Unknown.||"PRIMUS" on the barrel and an indecipherable model number on the spout of a pump at Sidlow, Surrey.|
|Unknown.||"GASCOGNE" on the barrel and "GFC 90" on the cap of a pump offered for sale on eBay.|
|Unknown.||"H" on the barrel and "KC 80-2" on the handle of a pump offered for sale on eBay.|
|RIF.||"RIF" seen on a barrel pump in Fontmell Magna, Dorset, and "RIF 4" on a pump at Durrington, W. Sussex.|
|Unknown.||"DF" seen on a pump at Orton Wistow, Peterborough, and "DF" and "3" at Longthorpe, Peterborough. The owner of the latter believes it to be French.|
|Unknown.||"BST" seen on a Chinese-looking pump at Waddesdon, Bucks. Very tenuously associatated with Jiangsu Top Pump Manufacturer Co. Ltd.|
|Unknown.||A marking on a pump at Barston, W. Mids, probably reading "A.WILLIAMS" and a possible 4 digit word/number appearing below it.|
|Unknown.||Seen on an apparently modern pump at Sturminster Marshall, Dorset. "16M6", "500008" and "75".|
|Unknown, but Chinese||JS-32 seen on a semi-rotary at East Stour, Dorset. This model number is used by Chinese comparies Yangzhou Guo Tai Co Ltd and Ketta.|
|"Indecipherable name [best guess at the moment is W. PHILIPS] PLUMBER CILGERRAN" seen on a Joseph Evans pump at Parc y Pwmp, Cilgerran, Pembs.|